Growth rate and wood properties of Norway spruce cutting clones on different sites

Sanni Raiskila, Pekka Saranpää (Corresponding Author), Kurt Fagerstedt, Tapio Laakso, Mia Löija, Riitta Mahlberg, Leena Paajanen, Anne-Christine Ritschkoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of growth rate on weight density and strength properties of three Norway spruce cutting clones growing on three different sites in different geographic locations was studied. The purpose was to follow variation in wood physical and mechanical properties and in quality between fast-growing clones grown in environments differing in nutritional and soil properties and climate within the boreal zone. The cloned trees had been selected on grounds
of good growth, health and quality. The cuttings were collected from three-year-old seedlings and rooted. The rooted cuttings were planted in the 1970’s and they were on average 26 years old at a time of felling. The variation of weight density was studied within the annual ring and within the stem between the juvenile and mature wood from the pith to the bark with an X-ray densitometric method. The average annual ring width (and latewood proportion, %) varied
between the clones from 2.92±1.36 mm (15.34%) to 3.30±1.25 mm (11.80%) and between the sites from 2.76±1.07 mm (14.71%) to 3.70±1.22 mm (13.29%). The mean weight density was 0.461±0.077 gcm–3 and latewood density 0.750±0.125 gcm–3 in this material. The mean modulus of elasticity was 9.88±1.43 GPa, modulus of rupture 67.51±11.50 MPa and weight density of the test samples (ρ12) 414±44 kgm–3 in mature wood. The parameters studied showed clearly that the environment had a large effect while the three clones differed from each other similarly in the different sites, e.g. the fastest growing clone was fastest on all sites.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-256
Number of pages10
JournalSilva Fennica
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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wood properties
Picea abies
clone
clones
latewood
wood physical properties
wood mechanical properties
modulus of rupture
felling
pith
modulus of elasticity
bark
elasticity
rupture
mechanical property
soil properties
soil property
X-radiation
physical property
cutting (process)

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Raiskila, Sanni ; Saranpää, Pekka ; Fagerstedt, Kurt ; Laakso, Tapio ; Löija, Mia ; Mahlberg, Riitta ; Paajanen, Leena ; Ritschkoff, Anne-Christine. / Growth rate and wood properties of Norway spruce cutting clones on different sites. In: Silva Fennica. 2006 ; Vol. 40, No. 2. pp. 247-256.
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title = "Growth rate and wood properties of Norway spruce cutting clones on different sites",
abstract = "The effect of growth rate on weight density and strength properties of three Norway spruce cutting clones growing on three different sites in different geographic locations was studied. The purpose was to follow variation in wood physical and mechanical properties and in quality between fast-growing clones grown in environments differing in nutritional and soil properties and climate within the boreal zone. The cloned trees had been selected on groundsof good growth, health and quality. The cuttings were collected from three-year-old seedlings and rooted. The rooted cuttings were planted in the 1970’s and they were on average 26 years old at a time of felling. The variation of weight density was studied within the annual ring and within the stem between the juvenile and mature wood from the pith to the bark with an X-ray densitometric method. The average annual ring width (and latewood proportion, {\%}) variedbetween the clones from 2.92±1.36 mm (15.34{\%}) to 3.30±1.25 mm (11.80{\%}) and between the sites from 2.76±1.07 mm (14.71{\%}) to 3.70±1.22 mm (13.29{\%}). The mean weight density was 0.461±0.077 gcm–3 and latewood density 0.750±0.125 gcm–3 in this material. The mean modulus of elasticity was 9.88±1.43 GPa, modulus of rupture 67.51±11.50 MPa and weight density of the test samples (ρ12) 414±44 kgm–3 in mature wood. The parameters studied showed clearly that the environment had a large effect while the three clones differed from each other similarly in the different sites, e.g. the fastest growing clone was fastest on all sites.",
author = "Sanni Raiskila and Pekka Saranp{\"a}{\"a} and Kurt Fagerstedt and Tapio Laakso and Mia L{\"o}ija and Riitta Mahlberg and Leena Paajanen and Anne-Christine Ritschkoff",
year = "2006",
doi = "10.14214/sf.341",
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Raiskila, S, Saranpää, P, Fagerstedt, K, Laakso, T, Löija, M, Mahlberg, R, Paajanen, L & Ritschkoff, A-C 2006, 'Growth rate and wood properties of Norway spruce cutting clones on different sites', Silva Fennica, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 247-256. https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.341

Growth rate and wood properties of Norway spruce cutting clones on different sites. / Raiskila, Sanni; Saranpää, Pekka (Corresponding Author); Fagerstedt, Kurt; Laakso, Tapio; Löija, Mia; Mahlberg, Riitta; Paajanen, Leena; Ritschkoff, Anne-Christine.

In: Silva Fennica, Vol. 40, No. 2, 2006, p. 247-256.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Growth rate and wood properties of Norway spruce cutting clones on different sites

AU - Raiskila, Sanni

AU - Saranpää, Pekka

AU - Fagerstedt, Kurt

AU - Laakso, Tapio

AU - Löija, Mia

AU - Mahlberg, Riitta

AU - Paajanen, Leena

AU - Ritschkoff, Anne-Christine

PY - 2006

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N2 - The effect of growth rate on weight density and strength properties of three Norway spruce cutting clones growing on three different sites in different geographic locations was studied. The purpose was to follow variation in wood physical and mechanical properties and in quality between fast-growing clones grown in environments differing in nutritional and soil properties and climate within the boreal zone. The cloned trees had been selected on groundsof good growth, health and quality. The cuttings were collected from three-year-old seedlings and rooted. The rooted cuttings were planted in the 1970’s and they were on average 26 years old at a time of felling. The variation of weight density was studied within the annual ring and within the stem between the juvenile and mature wood from the pith to the bark with an X-ray densitometric method. The average annual ring width (and latewood proportion, %) variedbetween the clones from 2.92±1.36 mm (15.34%) to 3.30±1.25 mm (11.80%) and between the sites from 2.76±1.07 mm (14.71%) to 3.70±1.22 mm (13.29%). The mean weight density was 0.461±0.077 gcm–3 and latewood density 0.750±0.125 gcm–3 in this material. The mean modulus of elasticity was 9.88±1.43 GPa, modulus of rupture 67.51±11.50 MPa and weight density of the test samples (ρ12) 414±44 kgm–3 in mature wood. The parameters studied showed clearly that the environment had a large effect while the three clones differed from each other similarly in the different sites, e.g. the fastest growing clone was fastest on all sites.

AB - The effect of growth rate on weight density and strength properties of three Norway spruce cutting clones growing on three different sites in different geographic locations was studied. The purpose was to follow variation in wood physical and mechanical properties and in quality between fast-growing clones grown in environments differing in nutritional and soil properties and climate within the boreal zone. The cloned trees had been selected on groundsof good growth, health and quality. The cuttings were collected from three-year-old seedlings and rooted. The rooted cuttings were planted in the 1970’s and they were on average 26 years old at a time of felling. The variation of weight density was studied within the annual ring and within the stem between the juvenile and mature wood from the pith to the bark with an X-ray densitometric method. The average annual ring width (and latewood proportion, %) variedbetween the clones from 2.92±1.36 mm (15.34%) to 3.30±1.25 mm (11.80%) and between the sites from 2.76±1.07 mm (14.71%) to 3.70±1.22 mm (13.29%). The mean weight density was 0.461±0.077 gcm–3 and latewood density 0.750±0.125 gcm–3 in this material. The mean modulus of elasticity was 9.88±1.43 GPa, modulus of rupture 67.51±11.50 MPa and weight density of the test samples (ρ12) 414±44 kgm–3 in mature wood. The parameters studied showed clearly that the environment had a large effect while the three clones differed from each other similarly in the different sites, e.g. the fastest growing clone was fastest on all sites.

U2 - 10.14214/sf.341

DO - 10.14214/sf.341

M3 - Article

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EP - 256

JO - Silva Fennica

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