Hard Missile Impact on Prestressed Shear Reinforced Slab

Markku Tuomala, Kim Calonius, Arja Saarenheimo, Pekka Välikangas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The protective concrete walls of nuclear power plants must withstand accidental or intentional missile im-pact, and structural systems and solutions are being developed in building frameworks and detailed lev-els requiring sophisticated tools for different design phases such as detailing shear reinforcement. Numerical methods, for example, have been developed and used for predicting prestressed shear reinforced concrete structures response subjected to hard projectile impact. The structural behavior of prestressed impact-loaded walls is predicted analytically and by using nonlinear FE models. Analysis predicts damage mechanisms such as crater formation, penetra-tion, shear cone formation, and perforation. To pro-duce experimental data required to verify the accu-racy of numerical models, an experimental setup has been developed at the Technical Research Center of Finland (VTT) for intermediate-scale impact testing enabling force-plate testing with soft missiles and concrete slab impact testing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)437-451
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Disaster Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2010
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • concrete slab
  • hardmissile
  • impact
  • pre-stress


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