Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment Procedure for Genetically Modified Plants in the Field - GMHAZID

Raija Koivisto, Kirsi Törmäkangas, Veli Kauppinen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)


    The safe application of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) requires a risk assessment prior to their proposed use.
    Based on methods from the chemical industry, we developed a hazard identification procedure for the risk assessment of field tests with genetically modified plants. This risk assessment method, GMHAZID, is carried out in the form of guided brainstorm sessions.
    GMHAZID was tested with a case study for which a risk assessment had previously been made, and the results of the assessments were compared. The results showed that some new hazards potentially leading to uncontrolled spreading, in addition to those from the previous assessment, were identified using GMHAZID.
    GMHAZID also recognised some hazards leading to failures in the field experiments.
    We suggest that GMHAZID provides systematics, reliability, and transparency to the risk assessment procedure.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)110-116
    JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2002
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed



    • accident modelling
    • field test
    • genetically modified organism
    • genetically modified (GM)
    • risk assessment
    • risk assessment method
    • hazard identification
    • hazards
    • health hazards
    • plants
    • risk analysis
    • risk evaluation
    • systematic hazard identification

    Cite this