Hazard perception test development for Lithuanian drivers

Vaida Tūskė, Laura Šeibokaitė, Auksė Endriulaitienė, Esko Lehtonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Hazard perception tests may not be transferable between different countries, due to differences in traffic culture and infrastructure. Therefore, different instruments might be necessary for assessing hazard perception in various countries. The aim of the current study was to develop the Lithuanian hazard perception test based on static traffic images and test its psychometric properties. Thirty-four experienced drivers participated in a pilot study, and 125 drivers with diverse driving experience took part in the main study. The final test contained 27 static traffic scenes and the participants were asked to respond if they saw a hazard or not. Results demonstrated that the test has satisfactory internal consistency and test-retest reliability. It differentiated between inexperienced and experienced drivers, and between those experienced drivers who had less than three or more than three crashes in their driving history. The test has sufficient psychometric properties for research; still further development is needed in order to apply it for individual testing and decisions about licence provision.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-113
JournalIATSS Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Drivers
  • Hazard perception test
  • Internal consistency
  • Test-retest
  • Validity


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