HCl causes less intracellular acidification in Necturus gastric mucosa surface epithelial cells than other acids

O. Nylander-Koski, H. Mustonen, Inger Vikholm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Luminal acid causes intracellular acidification in the gastric epithelium, but the mechanism by which H+ enters surface cells remains obscure. This study addressed the problem by assessing how different acids affect intracellular pH in gastric surface cells. Isolated Necturus maculosus antral mucosa was exposed to HCl, HNO3, H2SO4, and H3PO4 at pH 2.30. Intracellular pH was measured with microelectrodes. The physicochemical interaction of a synthetic model of gastric phospholipids with the different acids was studied using Langmuir film balance. Exposure to luminal HNO3, H2SO4, or H3PO4 caused significantly larger intracellular acidification than exposure to HCl. The degree of acidification was not dependent on the valence or nature of the anionic counterion of the acid but significantly correlated with the amount of molecular acid. By Langmuir film balance, subphases acidified with HNO3, H2SO4, or H3PO4 caused more close packing of phospholipid molecules than those acidified with HCl, possibly allowing hydrogen bonding between head groups to facilitate H+ movement across the phospholipid membrane. HCl causes significantly less intracellular acidification in gastric epithelium than HNO3, H2SO4, or H3PO4. This may be caused by the lower amount of molecular HCl in solution and possible hydrogen bonding between the head groups of phospholipid molecules and the other acids.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)G675-G680
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology: Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Publication statusPublished - 2001
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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