Framing of causal interdependencies and uncertainties is important due to factors bringing change to healthcare, such as increasing access to healthcare information via the Internet and increasing self-care. In this paper, it is explained how critical realism can provide a basis for framing causal interdependencies and causal uncertainties within healthcare. The need for critical realist framing of causal interdependencies and uncertainties in healthcare is explained from the perspectives of human to human communication and human to AI communication. An example is provided of critical realist framing for causal interdependencies. Also, an example is provided of critical realist framing for causal uncertainties. Implications are discussed for human to human communication and human to AI communication. Critical realism can provide framing that is easy to grasp and recall. Importantly, critical realist framing can encompass both causal specificity and holistic overview when integrating diverse healthcare options. Moreover, critical realist framing can encompass uncertainties across the "why", "how", and "what" of healthcare. These characteristics of critical realist framing are important as end-users become increasingly aware of healthcare diversity and uncertainty.
- Critical realism
- Artificial intelligence