Heart rate reactivity associated to positive and negative food and non-food visual stimuli

Pekka Kuoppa, Mika Tarvainen, Leila Karhunen, Johanna Närväinen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using food as a stimuli is known to cause multiple psychophysiological reactions. Heart rate variability (HRV) is common tool for assessing physiological reactions in autonomic nervous system. However, the findings in HRV related to food stimuli have not been consistent. In this paper the quick changes in HRV related to positive and negative food and non-food visual stimuli are investigated. Electrocardiogram (ECG) was measured from 18 healthy females while being stimulated with the pictures. Subjects also filled Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire to determine their eating behavior. The inter-beat-interval time series and the HRV parameters were extracted from the ECG. The quick change in HRV parameters were studied by calculating the change from baseline value (10 s window before stimulus) to value after the onset of the stimulus (10 s window during stimulus). The paired t-test showed significant difference between positive and negative food pictures but not between positive and negative non-food pictures. All the HRV parameters decreased for positive food pictures while they stayed the same or increased a little for negative food pictures. The eating behavior characteristic cognitive restraint was negatively correlated with HRV parameters that describe decreasing of heart rate.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEngineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2016 IEEE 38th Annual International Conference of the
PublisherIEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
Pages5279 - 5282
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4577-0220-4
ISBN (Print)978-1-4577-0219-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Oct 2016
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventIEEE 38th Annual International Conference of the Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society - Disney’s Contemporary Resort at Walt Disney World® Resort, Lake Buena Vista, Orlando, United States
Duration: 16 Aug 201620 Aug 2016
Conference number: 38

Conference

ConferenceIEEE 38th Annual International Conference of the Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Abbreviated titleEMBC 2016
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando
Period16/08/1620/08/16

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Keywords

  • heart rate variability
  • visualization
  • standards
  • electrocardiography
  • correlation
  • market research

Cite this

Kuoppa, P., Tarvainen, M., Karhunen, L., & Närväinen, J. (2016). Heart rate reactivity associated to positive and negative food and non-food visual stimuli. In Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2016 IEEE 38th Annual International Conference of the (pp. 5279 - 5282). IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers . https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2016.7591918