Heat release characteristics of ethanol-water mixtures: Small-scale experiments

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    Abstract

    Small-scale pool fire tests of ethanol-water mixtures are described in this paper. The main goal of the tests was to obtain data on the heat release rate per unit area, the total heat release per unit area, and the effective heat of combustion of such mixtures with ethanol percentage of 20 vol% or more. The results can be utilised in the interpolation and extrapolation of these quantities for different ethanol percentages and irradiance levels. In addition, the results give information on the heat release of possible pool fires of alcoholic beverages in a retail store in the case of a fully developed fire. It was concluded that significant fire load is not formed until the ethanol percentage of the alcoholic beverage is ca. 20 vol% or more. The data reported can also be used as an input to simulations of ethanol-water mixture pool fires in the performance-based fire safety design.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)174-181
    Number of pages8
    JournalFire Safety Journal
    Volume91
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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    Keywords

    • heat release rate
    • effective heat of combustion
    • pool fires
    • ethanol-water mixture

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