Heat release characteristics of ethanol-water mixtures: Small-scale experiments

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

    Abstract

    Small-scale pool fire tests of ethanol-water mixtures are described in this paper. The main goal of the tests was to obtain data on the heat release rate per unit area, the total heat release per unit area, and the effective heat of combustion of such mixtures with ethanol percentage of 20 vol% or more. The results can be utilised in the interpolation and extrapolation of these quantities for different ethanol percentages and irradiance levels. In addition, the results give information on the heat release of possible pool fires of alcoholic beverages in a retail store in the case of a fully developed fire. It was concluded that significant fire load is not formed until the ethanol percentage of the alcoholic beverage is ca. 20 vol% or more. The data reported can also be used as an input to simulations of ethanol-water mixture pool fires in the performance-based fire safety design.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication12th International Symposium on Fire Safety Science
    Subtitle of host publicationBook of Abstracts
    Pages23
    Publication statusPublished - 2017
    Event12th International Symposium on Fire Safety Science, IAFSS 2017 - Lund, Sweden
    Duration: 12 Jun 201716 Jun 2017
    Conference number: 12
    http://www.iafss2017.se/ (Web page)

    Conference

    Conference12th International Symposium on Fire Safety Science, IAFSS 2017
    Abbreviated titleIAFSS 2017
    CountrySweden
    CityLund
    Period12/06/1716/06/17
    Internet address

    Fingerprint

    Fires
    Ethanol
    Water
    Experiments
    Retail stores
    Extrapolation
    Hot Temperature
    Enthalpy
    Interpolation
    Alcoholic beverages

    Keywords

    • heat release rate
    • effective heat of combustion
    • pool fires
    • ethanol-water mixture

    Cite this

    Hakkarainen, T., Korhonen, T., & Vaari, J. (2017). Heat release characteristics of ethanol-water mixtures: Small-scale experiments. In 12th International Symposium on Fire Safety Science: Book of Abstracts (pp. 23)
    Hakkarainen, Tuula ; Korhonen, Timo ; Vaari, Jukka. / Heat release characteristics of ethanol-water mixtures: Small-scale experiments. 12th International Symposium on Fire Safety Science: Book of Abstracts. 2017. pp. 23
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    abstract = "Small-scale pool fire tests of ethanol-water mixtures are described in this paper. The main goal of the tests was to obtain data on the heat release rate per unit area, the total heat release per unit area, and the effective heat of combustion of such mixtures with ethanol percentage of 20 vol{\%} or more. The results can be utilised in the interpolation and extrapolation of these quantities for different ethanol percentages and irradiance levels. In addition, the results give information on the heat release of possible pool fires of alcoholic beverages in a retail store in the case of a fully developed fire. It was concluded that significant fire load is not formed until the ethanol percentage of the alcoholic beverage is ca. 20 vol{\%} or more. The data reported can also be used as an input to simulations of ethanol-water mixture pool fires in the performance-based fire safety design.",
    keywords = "heat release rate, effective heat of combustion, pool fires, ethanol-water mixture",
    author = "Tuula Hakkarainen and Timo Korhonen and Jukka Vaari",
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    Hakkarainen, T, Korhonen, T & Vaari, J 2017, Heat release characteristics of ethanol-water mixtures: Small-scale experiments. in 12th International Symposium on Fire Safety Science: Book of Abstracts. pp. 23, 12th International Symposium on Fire Safety Science, IAFSS 2017, Lund, Sweden, 12/06/17.

    Heat release characteristics of ethanol-water mixtures: Small-scale experiments. / Hakkarainen, Tuula; Korhonen, Timo; Vaari, Jukka.

    12th International Symposium on Fire Safety Science: Book of Abstracts. 2017. p. 23.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

    TY - CHAP

    T1 - Heat release characteristics of ethanol-water mixtures: Small-scale experiments

    AU - Hakkarainen, Tuula

    AU - Korhonen, Timo

    AU - Vaari, Jukka

    PY - 2017

    Y1 - 2017

    N2 - Small-scale pool fire tests of ethanol-water mixtures are described in this paper. The main goal of the tests was to obtain data on the heat release rate per unit area, the total heat release per unit area, and the effective heat of combustion of such mixtures with ethanol percentage of 20 vol% or more. The results can be utilised in the interpolation and extrapolation of these quantities for different ethanol percentages and irradiance levels. In addition, the results give information on the heat release of possible pool fires of alcoholic beverages in a retail store in the case of a fully developed fire. It was concluded that significant fire load is not formed until the ethanol percentage of the alcoholic beverage is ca. 20 vol% or more. The data reported can also be used as an input to simulations of ethanol-water mixture pool fires in the performance-based fire safety design.

    AB - Small-scale pool fire tests of ethanol-water mixtures are described in this paper. The main goal of the tests was to obtain data on the heat release rate per unit area, the total heat release per unit area, and the effective heat of combustion of such mixtures with ethanol percentage of 20 vol% or more. The results can be utilised in the interpolation and extrapolation of these quantities for different ethanol percentages and irradiance levels. In addition, the results give information on the heat release of possible pool fires of alcoholic beverages in a retail store in the case of a fully developed fire. It was concluded that significant fire load is not formed until the ethanol percentage of the alcoholic beverage is ca. 20 vol% or more. The data reported can also be used as an input to simulations of ethanol-water mixture pool fires in the performance-based fire safety design.

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    Hakkarainen T, Korhonen T, Vaari J. Heat release characteristics of ethanol-water mixtures: Small-scale experiments. In 12th International Symposium on Fire Safety Science: Book of Abstracts. 2017. p. 23