Heat shock protein synthesis is induced by diethyl phthalate but not by di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate in radish (Raphanus sativus)

Kaari Saarma, Mika Tarkka, Merja Itävaara, Kurt Fagerstedt (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The toxicity and effects on protein synthesis of the phthalate esters diethyl phthalate (DEP) and di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) was studied in radish seedings (Raphanus sativus cv. Kööpenhaminan tori). Phthalate esters are a class of commercially important compounds used mainly as plasticizers in high molecular-weight polymers such as many plastics. They can enter soil through various routes and can affect plant growth and development. First the effect of DEP and DEHP on the growth of radish seedings was determined in an aqueous medium. It was found that DEP, but not DEHP, caused retardation of growth in radish. A further investigation on protein synthesis during DEP-stress was executed by in vivo protein labeling combined with two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE). For comparisons with known stress-induced proteins a similar experiment was done with heat shock, and the induced heat shock proteins (HSPs) were compared with those of DEP-stress. The results showed that certain HSPs can be used as an indicator of DEP-stress, although the synthesis of most HSPs was not affected by DEP. DEP also elicited the synthesis of numerous proteins found only in DEP-treated roots. The toxic effect of phthalate esters and the roles of the induced proteins are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1001-1010
JournalJournal of Plant Physiology
Volume160
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • diethyl phthalate
  • di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate
  • heat shock proteins
  • Raphanus sativus
  • stress proteins

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