Hidden roles of time and temperature in cyclic behavior of stainless nuclear piping

Jussi Solin, Tommi Seppänen, Wolfgang Mayinger, H. Ertugrul Karabaki

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Unexpected findings on time and temperature dependent behavior have been recorded during our research on fatigue performance of niobium stabilized stainless steel. Cyclic straining at 325°C and low strain rates resulted in higher stress responses than in higher rate tests. This effect is particular strong in PWR water environment. Subsurface bulk effect in environment is in contrast to the assumption on similar responses in air and environment, which is the foundation of the ‘companion specimen’ method where the strain in environment is measured from a parallel specimen similarly tested in air. Our data shows that environmental effects caused by PWR water cannot be isolated as a separate issue. Environment, temperature and strain rate are factors, which interactively affect the cyclic response and fatigue performance of stainless steel in relevant temperatures and loading conditions. The current ASME Code Section III design curve is based on different translation of the laboratory data than that made by Langer et al. The resulting effect is not as radical as caused by replacement of the original test data to a new highly scattered data base. But also the procedural changes have detectable effects and open a door for a provocative question: “is the design curve still compatible with the code?”.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the ASME 2018 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
    Subtitle of host publicationCodes and Standards
    PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME
    Number of pages11
    Volume1A
    ISBN (Electronic)978-0-7918-5158-6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2018
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible
    EventASME 2018 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, PVP2018 - Hotel Hilton, Prague, Czech Republic
    Duration: 15 Jul 201820 Jul 2018
    Conference number: 52

    Conference

    ConferenceASME 2018 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, PVP2018
    Abbreviated titlePVP2018
    CountryCzech Republic
    CityPrague
    Period15/07/1820/07/18

    Fingerprint

    Strain rate
    Stainless steel
    Fatigue of materials
    Air
    Niobium
    Temperature
    Environmental impact
    Water

    Cite this

    Solin, J., Seppänen, T., Mayinger, W., & Ertugrul Karabaki, H. (2018). Hidden roles of time and temperature in cyclic behavior of stainless nuclear piping. In Proceedings of the ASME 2018 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference: Codes and Standards (Vol. 1A). [PVP2018-84936] American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2018-84936
    Solin, Jussi ; Seppänen, Tommi ; Mayinger, Wolfgang ; Ertugrul Karabaki, H. / Hidden roles of time and temperature in cyclic behavior of stainless nuclear piping. Proceedings of the ASME 2018 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference: Codes and Standards. Vol. 1A American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME, 2018.
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    title = "Hidden roles of time and temperature in cyclic behavior of stainless nuclear piping",
    abstract = "Unexpected findings on time and temperature dependent behavior have been recorded during our research on fatigue performance of niobium stabilized stainless steel. Cyclic straining at 325°C and low strain rates resulted in higher stress responses than in higher rate tests. This effect is particular strong in PWR water environment. Subsurface bulk effect in environment is in contrast to the assumption on similar responses in air and environment, which is the foundation of the ‘companion specimen’ method where the strain in environment is measured from a parallel specimen similarly tested in air. Our data shows that environmental effects caused by PWR water cannot be isolated as a separate issue. Environment, temperature and strain rate are factors, which interactively affect the cyclic response and fatigue performance of stainless steel in relevant temperatures and loading conditions. The current ASME Code Section III design curve is based on different translation of the laboratory data than that made by Langer et al. The resulting effect is not as radical as caused by replacement of the original test data to a new highly scattered data base. But also the procedural changes have detectable effects and open a door for a provocative question: “is the design curve still compatible with the code?”.",
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    Solin, J, Seppänen, T, Mayinger, W & Ertugrul Karabaki, H 2018, Hidden roles of time and temperature in cyclic behavior of stainless nuclear piping. in Proceedings of the ASME 2018 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference: Codes and Standards. vol. 1A, PVP2018-84936, American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME, ASME 2018 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, PVP2018, Prague, Czech Republic, 15/07/18. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2018-84936

    Hidden roles of time and temperature in cyclic behavior of stainless nuclear piping. / Solin, Jussi; Seppänen, Tommi; Mayinger, Wolfgang; Ertugrul Karabaki, H.

    Proceedings of the ASME 2018 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference: Codes and Standards. Vol. 1A American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME, 2018. PVP2018-84936.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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    AU - Ertugrul Karabaki, H.

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    N2 - Unexpected findings on time and temperature dependent behavior have been recorded during our research on fatigue performance of niobium stabilized stainless steel. Cyclic straining at 325°C and low strain rates resulted in higher stress responses than in higher rate tests. This effect is particular strong in PWR water environment. Subsurface bulk effect in environment is in contrast to the assumption on similar responses in air and environment, which is the foundation of the ‘companion specimen’ method where the strain in environment is measured from a parallel specimen similarly tested in air. Our data shows that environmental effects caused by PWR water cannot be isolated as a separate issue. Environment, temperature and strain rate are factors, which interactively affect the cyclic response and fatigue performance of stainless steel in relevant temperatures and loading conditions. The current ASME Code Section III design curve is based on different translation of the laboratory data than that made by Langer et al. The resulting effect is not as radical as caused by replacement of the original test data to a new highly scattered data base. But also the procedural changes have detectable effects and open a door for a provocative question: “is the design curve still compatible with the code?”.

    AB - Unexpected findings on time and temperature dependent behavior have been recorded during our research on fatigue performance of niobium stabilized stainless steel. Cyclic straining at 325°C and low strain rates resulted in higher stress responses than in higher rate tests. This effect is particular strong in PWR water environment. Subsurface bulk effect in environment is in contrast to the assumption on similar responses in air and environment, which is the foundation of the ‘companion specimen’ method where the strain in environment is measured from a parallel specimen similarly tested in air. Our data shows that environmental effects caused by PWR water cannot be isolated as a separate issue. Environment, temperature and strain rate are factors, which interactively affect the cyclic response and fatigue performance of stainless steel in relevant temperatures and loading conditions. The current ASME Code Section III design curve is based on different translation of the laboratory data than that made by Langer et al. The resulting effect is not as radical as caused by replacement of the original test data to a new highly scattered data base. But also the procedural changes have detectable effects and open a door for a provocative question: “is the design curve still compatible with the code?”.

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    Solin J, Seppänen T, Mayinger W, Ertugrul Karabaki H. Hidden roles of time and temperature in cyclic behavior of stainless nuclear piping. In Proceedings of the ASME 2018 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference: Codes and Standards. Vol. 1A. American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME. 2018. PVP2018-84936 https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2018-84936