We report on polymer-based solar cells prepared by the high-throughput roll-to-roll gravure printing method. The engravings of the printing plate, along with process parameters like printing speed and ink properties, are studied to optimise the printability of the photoactive as well as the hole transport layer. For the hole transport layer, the focus is on testing different formulations to produce thorough wetting of the indium-tin-oxide (ITO) substrate. The challenge for the photoactive layer is to form a uniform layer with optimal nanomorphology in the poly-3-hexylthiophene (P3HT) and [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) blend. This results in a power conversion efficiency of 2.8% under simulated AM1.5G solar illumination for a solar cell device with gravure-printed hole transport and a photoactive layer.
- Gravure printing
- Organic photovoltaics
- Polymer solar cell
- Solution processing
Kopola, P., Aernouts, T., Guillerez, S., Jin, H., Tuomikoski, M., Maaninen, A., & Hast, J. (2010). High efficient plastic solar cells fabricated with a high-throughput gravure printing method. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 94(10), 1673-1680. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2010.05.027