High Security Filtration system for protecting buildings from airborne chemical, biological, and radiological hazards

Ilpo Kulmala (Corresponding author), Aimo Taipale, Kimmo Heinonen, Virve Christiansen, Timo Jalonen, Minna Väkevä

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Buildings are vulnerable to airborne chemical, biological or radiological (CBR) hazards. Toxic agents released in a building or into an air intake would spread rapidly throughout the building via ventilation system. To improve the security of building occupants a novel low pressure drop protective filtration system was developed for continuous removal of toxic agents from the supply air. The protective filter consists of electrically enhanced particle filter to remove liquid and solid toxic aerosols combined with a chemical filter to remove gas phase agents. The performance of the high security filter was measured in laboratory tests and compared with conventional filters. The results showed that the new filter provides high removal efficiency for particulate and gaseous contaminants at a much lower pressure drop than present solutions. With the aid of the new filtration system, protection against toxic agents can be flexibly and cost-efficiently increased in specific high-risk areas in a building.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIndoor Air 2005: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate
Pages3370-3374
Publication statusPublished - 2005
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event10th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate, Indoor Air 2005 - Beijing, China
Duration: 4 Sep 20059 Sep 2005

Conference

Conference10th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate, Indoor Air 2005
CountryChina
CityBeijing
Period4/09/059/09/05

Fingerprint

Hazards
Pressure drop
Air intakes
Particles (particulate matter)
Ventilation
Aerosols
Impurities
Liquids
Air
Gases
Costs

Keywords

  • airborne contaminants
  • CBR agents
  • security filtration
  • ventilation

Cite this

Kulmala, I., Taipale, A., Heinonen, K., Christiansen, V., Jalonen, T., & Väkevä, M. (2005). High Security Filtration system for protecting buildings from airborne chemical, biological, and radiological hazards. In Indoor Air 2005: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate (pp. 3370-3374)
Kulmala, Ilpo ; Taipale, Aimo ; Heinonen, Kimmo ; Christiansen, Virve ; Jalonen, Timo ; Väkevä, Minna. / High Security Filtration system for protecting buildings from airborne chemical, biological, and radiological hazards. Indoor Air 2005: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate. 2005. pp. 3370-3374
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abstract = "Buildings are vulnerable to airborne chemical, biological or radiological (CBR) hazards. Toxic agents released in a building or into an air intake would spread rapidly throughout the building via ventilation system. To improve the security of building occupants a novel low pressure drop protective filtration system was developed for continuous removal of toxic agents from the supply air. The protective filter consists of electrically enhanced particle filter to remove liquid and solid toxic aerosols combined with a chemical filter to remove gas phase agents. The performance of the high security filter was measured in laboratory tests and compared with conventional filters. The results showed that the new filter provides high removal efficiency for particulate and gaseous contaminants at a much lower pressure drop than present solutions. With the aid of the new filtration system, protection against toxic agents can be flexibly and cost-efficiently increased in specific high-risk areas in a building.",
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Kulmala, I, Taipale, A, Heinonen, K, Christiansen, V, Jalonen, T & Väkevä, M 2005, High Security Filtration system for protecting buildings from airborne chemical, biological, and radiological hazards. in Indoor Air 2005: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate. pp. 3370-3374, 10th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate, Indoor Air 2005, Beijing, China, 4/09/05.

High Security Filtration system for protecting buildings from airborne chemical, biological, and radiological hazards. / Kulmala, Ilpo (Corresponding author); Taipale, Aimo; Heinonen, Kimmo; Christiansen, Virve; Jalonen, Timo; Väkevä, Minna.

Indoor Air 2005: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate. 2005. p. 3370-3374.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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AU - Väkevä, Minna

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AB - Buildings are vulnerable to airborne chemical, biological or radiological (CBR) hazards. Toxic agents released in a building or into an air intake would spread rapidly throughout the building via ventilation system. To improve the security of building occupants a novel low pressure drop protective filtration system was developed for continuous removal of toxic agents from the supply air. The protective filter consists of electrically enhanced particle filter to remove liquid and solid toxic aerosols combined with a chemical filter to remove gas phase agents. The performance of the high security filter was measured in laboratory tests and compared with conventional filters. The results showed that the new filter provides high removal efficiency for particulate and gaseous contaminants at a much lower pressure drop than present solutions. With the aid of the new filtration system, protection against toxic agents can be flexibly and cost-efficiently increased in specific high-risk areas in a building.

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Kulmala I, Taipale A, Heinonen K, Christiansen V, Jalonen T, Väkevä M. High Security Filtration system for protecting buildings from airborne chemical, biological, and radiological hazards. In Indoor Air 2005: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate. 2005. p. 3370-3374