Highly stable Li+ selective electrode with metal-organic framework as ion-to-electron transducer

Mojtaba Abdollahzadeh, Bita Bayatsarmadi, Mikko Vepsäläinen, Amir Razmjou, Mohsen Asadnia (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Detection of Li+ ions is vital due to their applications as therapeutic drugs in medicine. In addition, finding Li+ in geothermal brines is gaining interest because of its application in energy storage systems. Monitoring Li+ levels in an aqueous environment can be achieved using chemical sensors. Solid-contact sensors (SCS) have attracted significant attention because of their portability, high sensitivity and lack of requirement of calibration. However, most solid-contact sensors suffer from low stability, especially in the long term. As a result, ion-to-electron transducers have been utilized to mitigate this problem. Recently Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) have proven to be excellent candidates for use as ion-to-electron transducers in SCSs. In this study, we have used Ni-HAB MOF to produce a highly stable Li+ selective electrode. Increasing the thickness of the MOF to 3.28 µm enhanced the sensor's capacitance 100-fold leading to the lowest drift in Li+ SCSs reported in the literature, 1.15×10−6 mV/h with a low limit of detection (LOD) of 9.94×10−7M and a 57.6 mV/dec sensitivity. The sensor exhibited a linear output and a fast response time of less than 1 s. In addition, the sensor developed was used in a real brine to detect the concentration of Li+ ions, where the obtained results were in good agreement with the actual concentration of Li+ ions. This paper offers a solution for the persistent issues of solid-contact sensors such as drift, response time, and limit of detection and paves the way for the miniaturization of sensors to be used in real-life applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number130799
Number of pages9
JournalSensors and Actuators B: Chemical
Early online date25 Sept 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Ion-selective electrode (ISE)
  • Ion-to-electron transducer
  • Lithium sensing, Potentiometric sensors
  • MOF


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