Historical Review on VTT Fast Pyrolysis Bio-oil Production and Upgrading

Anja Oasmaa (Corresponding Author), Jani Lehto, Yrjö Solantausta, Sirpa Kallio

Research output: Contribution to journalReview Articlepeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)
512 Downloads (Pure)


The review summarizes VTT fast pyrolysis development efforts from the past 40 years. The experimental work has included a large variety of feedstocks (biomasses, wastes, oil shale, and plastic residues) and a variety of products (heating oils, refinery feeds, transportation fuels, and chemicals). As a result of the constant turbulence on fossil oil prices and changing regulatory framework, only a few renewable product alternatives are economically competitive. Plastic wastes appear to offer currently the most promising industrial opportunities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5683−5695
JournalEnergy & Fuels
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2021
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal


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