Historical Review on VTT Fast Pyrolysis Bio-oil Production and Upgrading

Anja Oasmaa (Corresponding Author), Jani Lehto, Yrjö Solantausta, Sirpa Kallio

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


    The review summarizes VTT fast pyrolysis development efforts from the past 40 years. The experimental work has included a large variety of feedstocks (biomasses, wastes, oil shale, and plastic residues) and a variety of products (heating oils, refinery feeds, transportation fuels, and chemicals). As a result of the constant turbulence on fossil oil prices and changing regulatory framework, only a few renewable product alternatives are economically competitive. Plastic wastes appear to offer currently the most promising industrial opportunities.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)5683−5695
    Number of pages13
    JournalEnergy and Fuels
    Publication statusPublished - 2021
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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