Hordein and malting quality in northern barleys

Jari Peltonen, Hannu Rita, Reino Aikasalo, Silja Home

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of D, C, and B hordein polypeptides on malting quality of 19 spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) cultivars. Results from the study indicated that B hordein polypeptide combinations had some effect on malting quality through regulating diastatic power. Comparison of the relative amounts of hordein extracted in the presence and absence of reducing agent was made to determine the effect of disulphide bonds on malting quality. In the absence of reducing agent in the extraction solvent, a high concentration of B hordein was correlated with an increase in extract yield. Conversely, in the presence of reducing agent, an increase in B hordein concentration increased the Kolbach Index. A higher D hordein to B hordein ratio, when the former contained a high concentration of disulphide bonds, decreased malting quality to a greater extent than when fewer disulphide bonds were present. When environmental conditions favoured high N uptake efficiency, a larger proportion of D hordein disulphide bonds was synthesized, leading to decreased malting quality. It is speculated that cultivars with lower grain N yield and a lower D:B ratio yield good quality malt.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-239
Number of pages9
JournalHereditas
Volume120
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Glutens
Hordeum
Disulfides
Reducing Agents
Dilatation and Curettage
Peptides

Cite this

Peltonen, J., Rita, H., Aikasalo, R., & Home, S. (1994). Hordein and malting quality in northern barleys. Hereditas, 120(3), 231-239. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1601-5223.1994.00231.x
Peltonen, Jari ; Rita, Hannu ; Aikasalo, Reino ; Home, Silja. / Hordein and malting quality in northern barleys. In: Hereditas. 1994 ; Vol. 120, No. 3. pp. 231-239.
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Peltonen, J, Rita, H, Aikasalo, R & Home, S 1994, 'Hordein and malting quality in northern barleys', Hereditas, vol. 120, no. 3, pp. 231-239. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1601-5223.1994.00231.x

Hordein and malting quality in northern barleys. / Peltonen, Jari; Rita, Hannu; Aikasalo, Reino; Home, Silja.

In: Hereditas, Vol. 120, No. 3, 1994, p. 231-239.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AB - The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of D, C, and B hordein polypeptides on malting quality of 19 spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) cultivars. Results from the study indicated that B hordein polypeptide combinations had some effect on malting quality through regulating diastatic power. Comparison of the relative amounts of hordein extracted in the presence and absence of reducing agent was made to determine the effect of disulphide bonds on malting quality. In the absence of reducing agent in the extraction solvent, a high concentration of B hordein was correlated with an increase in extract yield. Conversely, in the presence of reducing agent, an increase in B hordein concentration increased the Kolbach Index. A higher D hordein to B hordein ratio, when the former contained a high concentration of disulphide bonds, decreased malting quality to a greater extent than when fewer disulphide bonds were present. When environmental conditions favoured high N uptake efficiency, a larger proportion of D hordein disulphide bonds was synthesized, leading to decreased malting quality. It is speculated that cultivars with lower grain N yield and a lower D:B ratio yield good quality malt.

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