How low energy is bluetooth low energy? Comparative measurements with ZigBee/802.15.4

Matti Siekkinen, Markus Hiienkari, Jukka K. Nurminen, Johanna Nieminen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

304 Citations (Scopus)


Ultra low power communication mechanisms are essential for future Internet of Things deployments. Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) is one promising candidate for such deployments. We study the energy consumption of BLE by measuring real devices with a power monitor and derive models of the basic energy consumption behavior observed from the measurement results. We investigate also the overhead of Ipv6-based communication over BLE, which is relevant for future IoT scenarios. We contrast our results by performing similar measurements with ZigBee/802.15.4 devices. Our results show that when compared to ZigBee, BLE is indeed very energy efficient in terms of number of bytes transferred per Joule spent. In addition, IPv6 communication energy overhead remains reasonable. We also point out a few specific limitations with current stack implementations and explain that removing those limitations could improve energy utility significantly.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2012 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference Workshops, WCNCW 2012
PublisherIEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)978-1-4673-0682-9
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeNot Eligible


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