How Should TrustVehicles interACT?

Mikko Tarkiainen (Corresponding author), Merja Penttinen, Kimmo Kauvo, Ersun Sözen, Marc Wilbrink (Corresponding author), Marc Kaup

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleScientificpeer-review


One crucial factor when it comes to creating trust in automated vehicles is the interaction of these vehicles, especially in mixed traffic. The interaction can be divided into two main areas: the internal interaction of the vehicle with on-board users, based on internal human-machine interfaces (iHMI) and the external interaction between the vehicle and external traffic participants, based on external human-machine interfaces (eHMI). In this chapter, two different approaches focusing on SAE level 3 automated driving, are presented. The first approach, coming from the TrustVehicle project, deals with internal interactions of automated heavy vehicles driven by professional drivers. It shows the design, development and implementation process of the internal HMI for a bus and a truck. It focuses on the hand-over cases between manual and automated driving mode in predefined scenarios in urban areas. The second approach comes from the interACT project, where besides the internal HMI, a strong focus lies on the interaction with external traffic participants (eHMI) in mixed traffic scenarios in urban areas. It also shows the overall design, development, and implementation process of an HMI in a passenger car.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnhanced Trustworthiness and End User Acceptance of Conditionally Automated Vehicles in the Transition Period
EditorsDaniel Watzenig, Lisa-Marie Schicker
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-60861-3
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-60860-6
Publication statusPublished - 2021
MoE publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book

Publication series

SeriesLecture Notes in Intelligent Transportation and Infrastructure


  • HMI
  • external interaction
  • internal interaction
  • Internal interaction
  • External interaction


Dive into the research topics of 'How Should TrustVehicles interACT?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this