How to control superheater tube corrosion in FB boilers which use wood and wood waste as fuel

Markku Orjala, Riikka Ingalsuo, Kari Paakkinen, Martti Mäkipää, Maria Oksa, T. Malkow, R. Fordham, D. Baxter

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The objective of this study is to determine the safe combustion conditions and optimised material technologies in circulating (CFB) as well as bubbling fluidised-bed (BFB) boilers using wood chips as fuel. The combustion and co-firing properties of fuels produced by different forest chains were studied first in VTT's test facilities and later in industrial-scale power plant boilers. The formation of alkaline and chlorine compounds and their effect on boiler fouling and corrosion were also studied also by cooled deposit and material probes. In addition to analysis of material exposures in boilers, materials embedded in different mixtures of wood and peat ashes with or without chloride were tested in the laboratory. Deposits and changes in their chemical phase composition compounds and the corrosion of materials were analysed by SEM-EDX and optical microscopy. Solutions to control superheater tube corrosion optimally were considered with reference to the experimental results and to model calculations performed using the F.A.C.T program. Utilisation of logging residue chips can cause deposition of potassium and sodium chloride on the heat exchanger surfaces and enhanced corrosion due to the chlorine. The harmful formation of alkaline and chlorine compounds on boiler surfaces could be prevented by co-firing sulphur-containing fuel. However, to suppress corrosion that is not directly related to alkali chloride deposition on superheater tube surfaces, optimised material solutions have to be seeked.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication10th International Symposium on Corrosion in the Pulp and Paper Industry, ISCPPI. Vol. 1
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Pages117-136
ISBN (Electronic)951-38-5724-7
ISBN (Print)951-38-5720-4
Publication statusPublished - 2001
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event10th International Symposium On corrosion in the Pulp and Paper Industry, ISCPPI - Helsinki, Finland
Duration: 21 Aug 200124 Aug 2001

Publication series

SeriesVTT Symposium
Number214
ISSN0357-9387

Conference

Conference10th International Symposium On corrosion in the Pulp and Paper Industry, ISCPPI
Abbreviated title10th ISCPPI
CountryFinland
CityHelsinki
Period21/08/0124/08/01

Fingerprint

Superheater tubes
Wood wastes
Boilers
Wood
Corrosion
Chlorine compounds
Ashes
Deposits
Peat
Sodium chloride
Fouling
Test facilities
Phase composition
Chlorine
Optical microscopy
Heat exchangers
Potassium
Energy dispersive spectroscopy
Power plants
Sulfur

Cite this

Orjala, M., Ingalsuo, R., Paakkinen, K., Mäkipää, M., Oksa, M., Malkow, T., ... Baxter, D. (2001). How to control superheater tube corrosion in FB boilers which use wood and wood waste as fuel. In 10th International Symposium on Corrosion in the Pulp and Paper Industry, ISCPPI. Vol. 1 (pp. 117-136). Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Symposium, No. 214
Orjala, Markku ; Ingalsuo, Riikka ; Paakkinen, Kari ; Mäkipää, Martti ; Oksa, Maria ; Malkow, T. ; Fordham, R. ; Baxter, D. / How to control superheater tube corrosion in FB boilers which use wood and wood waste as fuel. 10th International Symposium on Corrosion in the Pulp and Paper Industry, ISCPPI. Vol. 1. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2001. pp. 117-136 (VTT Symposium; No. 214).
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abstract = "The objective of this study is to determine the safe combustion conditions and optimised material technologies in circulating (CFB) as well as bubbling fluidised-bed (BFB) boilers using wood chips as fuel. The combustion and co-firing properties of fuels produced by different forest chains were studied first in VTT's test facilities and later in industrial-scale power plant boilers. The formation of alkaline and chlorine compounds and their effect on boiler fouling and corrosion were also studied also by cooled deposit and material probes. In addition to analysis of material exposures in boilers, materials embedded in different mixtures of wood and peat ashes with or without chloride were tested in the laboratory. Deposits and changes in their chemical phase composition compounds and the corrosion of materials were analysed by SEM-EDX and optical microscopy. Solutions to control superheater tube corrosion optimally were considered with reference to the experimental results and to model calculations performed using the F.A.C.T program. Utilisation of logging residue chips can cause deposition of potassium and sodium chloride on the heat exchanger surfaces and enhanced corrosion due to the chlorine. The harmful formation of alkaline and chlorine compounds on boiler surfaces could be prevented by co-firing sulphur-containing fuel. However, to suppress corrosion that is not directly related to alkali chloride deposition on superheater tube surfaces, optimised material solutions have to be seeked.",
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Orjala, M, Ingalsuo, R, Paakkinen, K, Mäkipää, M, Oksa, M, Malkow, T, Fordham, R & Baxter, D 2001, How to control superheater tube corrosion in FB boilers which use wood and wood waste as fuel. in 10th International Symposium on Corrosion in the Pulp and Paper Industry, ISCPPI. Vol. 1. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, VTT Symposium, no. 214, pp. 117-136, 10th International Symposium On corrosion in the Pulp and Paper Industry, ISCPPI , Helsinki, Finland, 21/08/01.

How to control superheater tube corrosion in FB boilers which use wood and wood waste as fuel. / Orjala, Markku; Ingalsuo, Riikka; Paakkinen, Kari; Mäkipää, Martti; Oksa, Maria; Malkow, T.; Fordham, R.; Baxter, D.

10th International Symposium on Corrosion in the Pulp and Paper Industry, ISCPPI. Vol. 1. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2001. p. 117-136 (VTT Symposium; No. 214).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - How to control superheater tube corrosion in FB boilers which use wood and wood waste as fuel

AU - Orjala, Markku

AU - Ingalsuo, Riikka

AU - Paakkinen, Kari

AU - Mäkipää, Martti

AU - Oksa, Maria

AU - Malkow, T.

AU - Fordham, R.

AU - Baxter, D.

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - The objective of this study is to determine the safe combustion conditions and optimised material technologies in circulating (CFB) as well as bubbling fluidised-bed (BFB) boilers using wood chips as fuel. The combustion and co-firing properties of fuels produced by different forest chains were studied first in VTT's test facilities and later in industrial-scale power plant boilers. The formation of alkaline and chlorine compounds and their effect on boiler fouling and corrosion were also studied also by cooled deposit and material probes. In addition to analysis of material exposures in boilers, materials embedded in different mixtures of wood and peat ashes with or without chloride were tested in the laboratory. Deposits and changes in their chemical phase composition compounds and the corrosion of materials were analysed by SEM-EDX and optical microscopy. Solutions to control superheater tube corrosion optimally were considered with reference to the experimental results and to model calculations performed using the F.A.C.T program. Utilisation of logging residue chips can cause deposition of potassium and sodium chloride on the heat exchanger surfaces and enhanced corrosion due to the chlorine. The harmful formation of alkaline and chlorine compounds on boiler surfaces could be prevented by co-firing sulphur-containing fuel. However, to suppress corrosion that is not directly related to alkali chloride deposition on superheater tube surfaces, optimised material solutions have to be seeked.

AB - The objective of this study is to determine the safe combustion conditions and optimised material technologies in circulating (CFB) as well as bubbling fluidised-bed (BFB) boilers using wood chips as fuel. The combustion and co-firing properties of fuels produced by different forest chains were studied first in VTT's test facilities and later in industrial-scale power plant boilers. The formation of alkaline and chlorine compounds and their effect on boiler fouling and corrosion were also studied also by cooled deposit and material probes. In addition to analysis of material exposures in boilers, materials embedded in different mixtures of wood and peat ashes with or without chloride were tested in the laboratory. Deposits and changes in their chemical phase composition compounds and the corrosion of materials were analysed by SEM-EDX and optical microscopy. Solutions to control superheater tube corrosion optimally were considered with reference to the experimental results and to model calculations performed using the F.A.C.T program. Utilisation of logging residue chips can cause deposition of potassium and sodium chloride on the heat exchanger surfaces and enhanced corrosion due to the chlorine. The harmful formation of alkaline and chlorine compounds on boiler surfaces could be prevented by co-firing sulphur-containing fuel. However, to suppress corrosion that is not directly related to alkali chloride deposition on superheater tube surfaces, optimised material solutions have to be seeked.

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

SN - 951-38-5720-4

T3 - VTT Symposium

SP - 117

EP - 136

BT - 10th International Symposium on Corrosion in the Pulp and Paper Industry, ISCPPI. Vol. 1

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

ER -

Orjala M, Ingalsuo R, Paakkinen K, Mäkipää M, Oksa M, Malkow T et al. How to control superheater tube corrosion in FB boilers which use wood and wood waste as fuel. In 10th International Symposium on Corrosion in the Pulp and Paper Industry, ISCPPI. Vol. 1. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2001. p. 117-136. (VTT Symposium; No. 214).