How to study public imagination of autonomous systems: The case of the Helsinki automated metro

Mikael Wahlström (Corresponding Author)

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Means of transportation are changing through advances in automation. One issue to be considered in this development is public opinion regarding these systems, yet existing studies of automated transportation do not provide theoretical or methodological means for exploring public imagination, even though this would be relevant in exploring public acceptance of future technologies. Applied for studying public views on a future automated metro system, a method was devised that includes quantitative and qualitative analysis of media and questionnaire data (n = 913). Although supportive arguments dominated media discussion, people's attitudes were negative. The two most prominent models of media influence, repetition and cultural resonance, could not fully explain the results; therefore, public imagination, which reflected daily experiences and science fiction, was explored with reference to social representations literature. It is suggested in general that public imagination, along with media discourses and societal settings that contribute to explanations, should be considered in the design and study of automated systems. It is also discussed that the social representations approach could be beneficial for media frame studies by providing explications as to why certain frames might have or lack cultural resonance.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)599-612
    Number of pages14
    JournalAI and Society
    Volume32
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Automation
    Helsinki
    Social Representations
    Acceptance
    Science Fiction
    Quantitative Analysis
    Explication
    Qualitative Analysis
    Questionnaire
    Public Opinion
    Media Discourse

    Keywords

    • media influence
    • social representations
    • framing
    • mixed methods
    • automation
    • public transport

    Cite this

    @article{659ff7be67b642088b79dad4584837b3,
    title = "How to study public imagination of autonomous systems: The case of the Helsinki automated metro",
    abstract = "Means of transportation are changing through advances in automation. One issue to be considered in this development is public opinion regarding these systems, yet existing studies of automated transportation do not provide theoretical or methodological means for exploring public imagination, even though this would be relevant in exploring public acceptance of future technologies. Applied for studying public views on a future automated metro system, a method was devised that includes quantitative and qualitative analysis of media and questionnaire data (n = 913). Although supportive arguments dominated media discussion, people's attitudes were negative. The two most prominent models of media influence, repetition and cultural resonance, could not fully explain the results; therefore, public imagination, which reflected daily experiences and science fiction, was explored with reference to social representations literature. It is suggested in general that public imagination, along with media discourses and societal settings that contribute to explanations, should be considered in the design and study of automated systems. It is also discussed that the social representations approach could be beneficial for media frame studies by providing explications as to why certain frames might have or lack cultural resonance.",
    keywords = "media influence, social representations, framing, mixed methods, automation, public transport",
    author = "Mikael Wahlstr{\"o}m",
    year = "2017",
    month = "11",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1007/s00146-017-0689-4",
    language = "English",
    volume = "32",
    pages = "599--612",
    journal = "AI and Society",
    issn = "0951-5666",
    publisher = "Springer",
    number = "4",

    }

    How to study public imagination of autonomous systems : The case of the Helsinki automated metro. / Wahlström, Mikael (Corresponding Author).

    In: AI and Society, Vol. 32, No. 4, 01.11.2017, p. 599-612.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - How to study public imagination of autonomous systems

    T2 - The case of the Helsinki automated metro

    AU - Wahlström, Mikael

    PY - 2017/11/1

    Y1 - 2017/11/1

    N2 - Means of transportation are changing through advances in automation. One issue to be considered in this development is public opinion regarding these systems, yet existing studies of automated transportation do not provide theoretical or methodological means for exploring public imagination, even though this would be relevant in exploring public acceptance of future technologies. Applied for studying public views on a future automated metro system, a method was devised that includes quantitative and qualitative analysis of media and questionnaire data (n = 913). Although supportive arguments dominated media discussion, people's attitudes were negative. The two most prominent models of media influence, repetition and cultural resonance, could not fully explain the results; therefore, public imagination, which reflected daily experiences and science fiction, was explored with reference to social representations literature. It is suggested in general that public imagination, along with media discourses and societal settings that contribute to explanations, should be considered in the design and study of automated systems. It is also discussed that the social representations approach could be beneficial for media frame studies by providing explications as to why certain frames might have or lack cultural resonance.

    AB - Means of transportation are changing through advances in automation. One issue to be considered in this development is public opinion regarding these systems, yet existing studies of automated transportation do not provide theoretical or methodological means for exploring public imagination, even though this would be relevant in exploring public acceptance of future technologies. Applied for studying public views on a future automated metro system, a method was devised that includes quantitative and qualitative analysis of media and questionnaire data (n = 913). Although supportive arguments dominated media discussion, people's attitudes were negative. The two most prominent models of media influence, repetition and cultural resonance, could not fully explain the results; therefore, public imagination, which reflected daily experiences and science fiction, was explored with reference to social representations literature. It is suggested in general that public imagination, along with media discourses and societal settings that contribute to explanations, should be considered in the design and study of automated systems. It is also discussed that the social representations approach could be beneficial for media frame studies by providing explications as to why certain frames might have or lack cultural resonance.

    KW - media influence

    KW - social representations

    KW - framing

    KW - mixed methods

    KW - automation

    KW - public transport

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85010972001&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1007/s00146-017-0689-4

    DO - 10.1007/s00146-017-0689-4

    M3 - Article

    VL - 32

    SP - 599

    EP - 612

    JO - AI and Society

    JF - AI and Society

    SN - 0951-5666

    IS - 4

    ER -