HVAC's Role in the Decarbonisation of the Existing BuildingStock-Case Finland

Terttu Vainio (Corresponding Author), Eero Nippala, Timo Kauppinen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle in a proceedings journalScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The Energy Performance of Buildings Directive together with the Energy Efficiency Directive and Renewable Energy Sources Directive define the frame and target state for energy performance of the existing building stock. This should be very energy efficient and decarbonised by 2050. The Finnish target is more ambitious, to achieve the target state already in 2035. In this paper, we discuss and concretise the role of HVAC in overcoming the challenge. Buildings in the Nordic countries are already very energy efficient. Structural improvements of energy efficiency are relatively expensive and have limited potential for energy saving. The best cost-benefit ratio can be obtained by combining HVAC with dynamic building automation systems. Also the EPBD calls for improvement of building automation systems and related measurements in new as well as existing buildings. The performance of buildings can be verified and deviations can be detected by monitoring-based commissioning during their life cycle. This means that special attention must be paid to the instrumentation level and an improved online reporting system for stakeholders. As a conclusion, we see that HVAC systems are in a key role in decarbonisation of existing buildings and a strategic sector on the way to a carbon-neutral society.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13005
Number of pages6
JournalE3S Web of Conferences
Publication statusPublished - 29 Mar 2021
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventCold Climate HVAC and Energy 2021 - Tallinn, Estonia
Duration: 18 Apr 202121 Apr 2021


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