Hydro, wind and solar power as a base for a 100% renewable energy supply for South and Central America

Larissa de Souza Noel De Barbosa, Dmitrii Bogdanov, Pasi Vainikka, Christian Breyer (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

74 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Power systems for South and Central America based on 100% renewable energy (RE) in the year 2030 were calculated for the first time using an hourly resolved energy model. The region was subdivided into 15 sub-regions. Four different scenarios were considered: three according to different high voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission grid development levels (region, country, area-wide) and one integrated scenario that considers water desalination and industrial gas demand supplied by synthetic natural gas via power-to-gas (PtG). RE is not only able to cover 1813 TWh of estimated electricity demand of the area in 2030 but also able to generate the electricity needed to fulfil 3.9 billion m3 of water desalination and 640 TWhLHV of synthetic natural gas demand. Existing hydro dams can be used as virtual batteries for solar and wind electricity storage, diminishing the role of storage technologies. The results for total levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) are decreased from 62 €/MWh for a highly decentralized to 56 €/MWh for a highly centralized grid scenario (currency value of the year 2015). For the integrated scenario, the levelized cost of gas (LCOG) and the levelized cost of water (LCOW) are 95 €/MWhLHV and 0.91€/m3 , respectively. A reduction of 8% in total cost and 5% in electricity generation was achieved when integrating desalination and power-to-gas into the system.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0173820
Number of pages28
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Biomass
  • Central America
  • Costs and Cost Analysis
  • Electric Power Supplies/economics
  • Geothermal Energy/economics
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Natural Gas/economics
  • Power Plants/economics
  • Renewable Energy/economics
  • Solar Energy/economics
  • South America
  • Water Movements
  • Wind

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  • Neo-Carbon Energy

    Vainikka, P., Breyer, C., Partanen, J., Heinonen, S., Simell, P. & Ahola, J.

    1/01/1431/12/17

    Project: Business Finland project

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