Hydrogen production via thermal gasification of biomass in near-to-medium term

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

Abstract

Dedicated biomass gasification technologies are presently being developed in many countries for the production of second-generation liquid biofuels. Both fluidised-bed gasification and special entrained flow systems are under intensive development. These technologies can also be used for hydrogen production, which may become an interesting alternative in replacing part of fossil fuel input in oil refineries and chemical industries. In addition, fuel cell technology is being developed for hydrogen-rich gases. New and revolutionary production methods, capable of replacing the classical process routes, can not however be foreseen to emerge in the medium-term. Also the new hydrogen separation technologies, presently under development, seem to have only limited potential to reduce the production cost of hydrogen compared to commercially available technology. However, with rising prices of fossil fuels and locally depleting natural gas reserves, gasification route is likely to gain more ground as a credible production technology for hydrogen. The global needs to cut down the CO2 emissions can also make gasification of biomass an interesting possibility. Several biomass gasification processes are presently at demonstration phase, mostly aimed for the production of liquid transportation fuels. If and when this technology will be commercialized, it could easily be adopted to the production of hydrogen.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages42
ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-7191-8
Publication statusPublished - 2009
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Publication series

NameVTT Working Papers
PublisherVTT
No.131
ISSN (Electronic)1459-7683

Fingerprint

Hydrogen production
Gasification
Biomass
Hydrogen
Fossil fuels
Liquids
Biofuels
Chemical industry
Hot Temperature
Fuel cells
Natural gas
Demonstrations
Gases
Costs

Keywords

  • biomass, gasification
  • hydrogen
  • up-scaling
  • state-of-the-art

Cite this

Hannula, I. (2009). Hydrogen production via thermal gasification of biomass in near-to-medium term. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Working Papers, No. 131
Hannula, Ilkka. / Hydrogen production via thermal gasification of biomass in near-to-medium term. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2009. 42 p. (VTT Working Papers; No. 131).
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Hannula, I 2009, Hydrogen production via thermal gasification of biomass in near-to-medium term. VTT Working Papers, no. 131, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

Hydrogen production via thermal gasification of biomass in near-to-medium term. / Hannula, Ilkka.

Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2009. 42 p. (VTT Working Papers; No. 131).

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

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Hannula I. Hydrogen production via thermal gasification of biomass in near-to-medium term. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2009. 42 p. (VTT Working Papers; No. 131).