Knowledge of hydrogen solubility in tall oil fractions is important for designing hydrotreatment processes of these complex nonedible biobased materials. Unfortunately measurements of hydrogen solubility into these fractions are missing in the literature. This work reports hydrogen solubility measured in four tall oil fractions between 373 and 597 K and at pressures from 5 to 10 MPa. Three of the fractions were distilled tall oil fractions their resin acids contents are respectively 2, 20 and 23 in mass-%. Additionally one fraction was a crude tall oil (CTO) sample containing sterols as the main neutral fraction. Measurements were performed using a continuous flow synthetic isothermal and isobaric method based on the visual observation of the bubble point. Composition of the flow was changed step-wise for the bubble point composition determination. We assume that the tall oil fractions did not react during measurements, based on the composition analysis performed before and after the measurements. Additionally the densities of the fractions were measured at atmospheric pressure from 293.15 to 323.15 K. A Henry's law model was developed for the distilled tall oil fractions describing the solubility with an absolute average deviation of 2.1%. Inputs of the solubility model are temperature, total pressure and the density of the oil at 323.15 K. The solubility of hydrogen in the CTO sample can be described with the developed model with an absolute average deviation of 3.4%. The solubility of hydrogen increases both with increasing pressure and/or increasing temperature. The more dense fractions of the tall oil exhibit lower hydrogen solubility in comparison to the less dense fractions. The increase in the density of a fraction corresponds to an increased resin acid and sterol content of the sample. Sterols and resin acids exhibit lower hydrogen solubility in comparison to fatty acids.
- fatty acid
- hydrogen solubility
- resin acid
- tall oil
Uusi-Kyyny, P., Pakkanen, M., Linnekoski, J., & Alopaeus, V. (2017). Hydrogen solubility measurements of analyzed tall oil fractions and a solubility model. The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 105, 15-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jct.2016.10.008