Hydrogen solubility measurements of analyzed tall oil fractions and a solubility model

Petri Uusi-Kyyny (Corresponding Author), Minna Pakkanen, Juha Linnekoski, Ville Alopaeus

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Knowledge of hydrogen solubility in tall oil fractions is important for designing hydrotreatment processes of these complex nonedible biobased materials. Unfortunately measurements of hydrogen solubility into these fractions are missing in the literature. This work reports hydrogen solubility measured in four tall oil fractions between 373 and 597 K and at pressures from 5 to 10 MPa. Three of the fractions were distilled tall oil fractions their resin acids contents are respectively 2, 20 and 23 in mass-%. Additionally one fraction was a crude tall oil (CTO) sample containing sterols as the main neutral fraction. Measurements were performed using a continuous flow synthetic isothermal and isobaric method based on the visual observation of the bubble point. Composition of the flow was changed step-wise for the bubble point composition determination. We assume that the tall oil fractions did not react during measurements, based on the composition analysis performed before and after the measurements. Additionally the densities of the fractions were measured at atmospheric pressure from 293.15 to 323.15 K. A Henry's law model was developed for the distilled tall oil fractions describing the solubility with an absolute average deviation of 2.1%. Inputs of the solubility model are temperature, total pressure and the density of the oil at 323.15 K. The solubility of hydrogen in the CTO sample can be described with the developed model with an absolute average deviation of 3.4%. The solubility of hydrogen increases both with increasing pressure and/or increasing temperature. The more dense fractions of the tall oil exhibit lower hydrogen solubility in comparison to the less dense fractions. The increase in the density of a fraction corresponds to an increased resin acid and sterol content of the sample. Sterols and resin acids exhibit lower hydrogen solubility in comparison to fatty acids.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)15-20
    Number of pages6
    JournalThe Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics
    Volume105
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Tall oil
    Hydrogen
    solubility
    Solubility
    oils
    hydrogen
    Sterols
    Resins
    resins
    Acids
    Chemical analysis
    crude oil
    tall oil
    acids
    bubbles
    Fatty acids
    deviation
    Atmospheric pressure
    Henry law
    visual observation

    Keywords

    • fatty acid
    • hydrogen solubility
    • measurement
    • resin acid
    • tall oil
    • Measurement

    Cite this

    Uusi-Kyyny, Petri ; Pakkanen, Minna ; Linnekoski, Juha ; Alopaeus, Ville. / Hydrogen solubility measurements of analyzed tall oil fractions and a solubility model. In: The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics. 2017 ; Vol. 105. pp. 15-20.
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    abstract = "Knowledge of hydrogen solubility in tall oil fractions is important for designing hydrotreatment processes of these complex nonedible biobased materials. Unfortunately measurements of hydrogen solubility into these fractions are missing in the literature. This work reports hydrogen solubility measured in four tall oil fractions between 373 and 597 K and at pressures from 5 to 10 MPa. Three of the fractions were distilled tall oil fractions their resin acids contents are respectively 2, 20 and 23 in mass-{\%}. Additionally one fraction was a crude tall oil (CTO) sample containing sterols as the main neutral fraction. Measurements were performed using a continuous flow synthetic isothermal and isobaric method based on the visual observation of the bubble point. Composition of the flow was changed step-wise for the bubble point composition determination. We assume that the tall oil fractions did not react during measurements, based on the composition analysis performed before and after the measurements. Additionally the densities of the fractions were measured at atmospheric pressure from 293.15 to 323.15 K. A Henry's law model was developed for the distilled tall oil fractions describing the solubility with an absolute average deviation of 2.1{\%}. Inputs of the solubility model are temperature, total pressure and the density of the oil at 323.15 K. The solubility of hydrogen in the CTO sample can be described with the developed model with an absolute average deviation of 3.4{\%}. The solubility of hydrogen increases both with increasing pressure and/or increasing temperature. The more dense fractions of the tall oil exhibit lower hydrogen solubility in comparison to the less dense fractions. The increase in the density of a fraction corresponds to an increased resin acid and sterol content of the sample. Sterols and resin acids exhibit lower hydrogen solubility in comparison to fatty acids.",
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    Hydrogen solubility measurements of analyzed tall oil fractions and a solubility model. / Uusi-Kyyny, Petri (Corresponding Author); Pakkanen, Minna; Linnekoski, Juha; Alopaeus, Ville.

    In: The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, Vol. 105, 01.02.2017, p. 15-20.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    AU - Uusi-Kyyny, Petri

    AU - Pakkanen, Minna

    AU - Linnekoski, Juha

    AU - Alopaeus, Ville

    N1 - ISI: THERMODYNAMICS

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    N2 - Knowledge of hydrogen solubility in tall oil fractions is important for designing hydrotreatment processes of these complex nonedible biobased materials. Unfortunately measurements of hydrogen solubility into these fractions are missing in the literature. This work reports hydrogen solubility measured in four tall oil fractions between 373 and 597 K and at pressures from 5 to 10 MPa. Three of the fractions were distilled tall oil fractions their resin acids contents are respectively 2, 20 and 23 in mass-%. Additionally one fraction was a crude tall oil (CTO) sample containing sterols as the main neutral fraction. Measurements were performed using a continuous flow synthetic isothermal and isobaric method based on the visual observation of the bubble point. Composition of the flow was changed step-wise for the bubble point composition determination. We assume that the tall oil fractions did not react during measurements, based on the composition analysis performed before and after the measurements. Additionally the densities of the fractions were measured at atmospheric pressure from 293.15 to 323.15 K. A Henry's law model was developed for the distilled tall oil fractions describing the solubility with an absolute average deviation of 2.1%. Inputs of the solubility model are temperature, total pressure and the density of the oil at 323.15 K. The solubility of hydrogen in the CTO sample can be described with the developed model with an absolute average deviation of 3.4%. The solubility of hydrogen increases both with increasing pressure and/or increasing temperature. The more dense fractions of the tall oil exhibit lower hydrogen solubility in comparison to the less dense fractions. The increase in the density of a fraction corresponds to an increased resin acid and sterol content of the sample. Sterols and resin acids exhibit lower hydrogen solubility in comparison to fatty acids.

    AB - Knowledge of hydrogen solubility in tall oil fractions is important for designing hydrotreatment processes of these complex nonedible biobased materials. Unfortunately measurements of hydrogen solubility into these fractions are missing in the literature. This work reports hydrogen solubility measured in four tall oil fractions between 373 and 597 K and at pressures from 5 to 10 MPa. Three of the fractions were distilled tall oil fractions their resin acids contents are respectively 2, 20 and 23 in mass-%. Additionally one fraction was a crude tall oil (CTO) sample containing sterols as the main neutral fraction. Measurements were performed using a continuous flow synthetic isothermal and isobaric method based on the visual observation of the bubble point. Composition of the flow was changed step-wise for the bubble point composition determination. We assume that the tall oil fractions did not react during measurements, based on the composition analysis performed before and after the measurements. Additionally the densities of the fractions were measured at atmospheric pressure from 293.15 to 323.15 K. A Henry's law model was developed for the distilled tall oil fractions describing the solubility with an absolute average deviation of 2.1%. Inputs of the solubility model are temperature, total pressure and the density of the oil at 323.15 K. The solubility of hydrogen in the CTO sample can be described with the developed model with an absolute average deviation of 3.4%. The solubility of hydrogen increases both with increasing pressure and/or increasing temperature. The more dense fractions of the tall oil exhibit lower hydrogen solubility in comparison to the less dense fractions. The increase in the density of a fraction corresponds to an increased resin acid and sterol content of the sample. Sterols and resin acids exhibit lower hydrogen solubility in comparison to fatty acids.

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    KW - hydrogen solubility

    KW - measurement

    KW - resin acid

    KW - tall oil

    KW - Measurement

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