Hydrolytic properties of two cellulases of Trichoderma reesei expressed in yeast

Mark J. Bailey, Matti Siika-aho, A. Valkeajärvi, Merja Penttilä

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    Two cellulases of the filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei, cellobiohydrolase II (CBHII, EC and endoglucanase I (EGI, EC, produced in recombinant strains of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, were tested in the hydrolysis of cellulose, xylan and other polymeric substrates. Both enzymes were active against unsubstituted, insoluble cellulose. CBHII had greater activity than EGI against crystalline cellulose, whereas in the case of amorphous substrate the order was reversed. Evidence for synergism was obtained when mixtures of the two enzymes were used with a constant total protein dosage. The EGI was also active against soluble substituted cellulose derivatives, whereas the activity of CBHII against these substrates was insignificant. Both enzymes were active against barley (1–>3,1–>4)‐beta‐glucan, but were inactive against (1–>3,1–>6)‐beta‐glucan (laminarin). An apparent low mannan‐degrading activity of EGI against locust‐bean (Ceratonia siliqua) gum galactomannan was not confirmed when homopolymeric mannan was used as substrate in a prolonged hydrolysis test. EGI exhibited considerably greater activity against insoluble, unsubstituted hardwood xylan than against amorphous cellulose. Soluble 4‐O‐methyl‐glucuronoxylan was also attacked by EGI, although to a somewhat lesser extent than the unsubstituted xylan. By comparison with two purified xylanases of T. reesei, EGI produced xylo‐oligosaccharides with a longer mean chain length when acting on both substituted and unsubstituted xylan substrates. CBHII was inactive against xylan.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)65-76
    JournalBiotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1993
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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