Hydrotreated vegetable oil as fuel for heavy duty diesel engines

Markku Kuronen, Seppo Mikkonen, Päivi Aakko, Timo Murtonen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    67 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO) named NExBTL is a 2nd generation renewable diesel fuel made by a refinery-based process converting vegetable oils to paraffins. Also animal fats are suitable for feedstocks. Properties of this non-ester type biobased fuel are very similar to GTL. It contains no sulfur, oxygen, nitrogen or aromatics. Cetane number is very high (∼90). Cloud point can be adjusted by severity of the process from -5 to -30°C, heating value is similar to diesel fuel, storage stability is good, and water solubility is low. Emissions of two heavy duty engines and two city buses are presented with HVO and sulfur free EN 590 diesel fuel. The effect of HVO on regulated emissions compared to EN 590 fuel was: NOx -7 % ⋯ -14 % PM -28 % ⋯ -46 % CO -5 % ⋯ -78 % HC 0 % ⋯ -48 % Aldehydes, PAHs, mutagenicity and particulate size were also measured.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number2007-01-4031
    JournalSAE Technical Paper Series
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2007
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed
    EventPowertrain and Fluid Systems Conference and Exhibition - Rosemont, IL, United States
    Duration: 29 Oct 20071 Nov 2007

    Fingerprint

    Vegetable oils
    Diesel engines
    Diesel fuels
    Sulfur
    Fuel storage
    Antiknock rating
    Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
    Oils and fats
    Aldehydes
    Paraffins
    Feedstocks
    Animals
    Solubility
    Engines
    Nitrogen
    Heating
    Oxygen
    Water

    Cite this

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    title = "Hydrotreated vegetable oil as fuel for heavy duty diesel engines",
    abstract = "Hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO) named NExBTL is a 2nd generation renewable diesel fuel made by a refinery-based process converting vegetable oils to paraffins. Also animal fats are suitable for feedstocks. Properties of this non-ester type biobased fuel are very similar to GTL. It contains no sulfur, oxygen, nitrogen or aromatics. Cetane number is very high (∼90). Cloud point can be adjusted by severity of the process from -5 to -30°C, heating value is similar to diesel fuel, storage stability is good, and water solubility is low. Emissions of two heavy duty engines and two city buses are presented with HVO and sulfur free EN 590 diesel fuel. The effect of HVO on regulated emissions compared to EN 590 fuel was: NOx -7 {\%} ⋯ -14 {\%} PM -28 {\%} ⋯ -46 {\%} CO -5 {\%} ⋯ -78 {\%} HC 0 {\%} ⋯ -48 {\%} Aldehydes, PAHs, mutagenicity and particulate size were also measured.",
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    Hydrotreated vegetable oil as fuel for heavy duty diesel engines. / Kuronen, Markku; Mikkonen, Seppo; Aakko, Päivi; Murtonen, Timo.

    In: SAE Technical Paper Series, 01.12.2007.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Hydrotreated vegetable oil as fuel for heavy duty diesel engines

    AU - Kuronen, Markku

    AU - Mikkonen, Seppo

    AU - Aakko, Päivi

    AU - Murtonen, Timo

    PY - 2007/12/1

    Y1 - 2007/12/1

    N2 - Hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO) named NExBTL is a 2nd generation renewable diesel fuel made by a refinery-based process converting vegetable oils to paraffins. Also animal fats are suitable for feedstocks. Properties of this non-ester type biobased fuel are very similar to GTL. It contains no sulfur, oxygen, nitrogen or aromatics. Cetane number is very high (∼90). Cloud point can be adjusted by severity of the process from -5 to -30°C, heating value is similar to diesel fuel, storage stability is good, and water solubility is low. Emissions of two heavy duty engines and two city buses are presented with HVO and sulfur free EN 590 diesel fuel. The effect of HVO on regulated emissions compared to EN 590 fuel was: NOx -7 % ⋯ -14 % PM -28 % ⋯ -46 % CO -5 % ⋯ -78 % HC 0 % ⋯ -48 % Aldehydes, PAHs, mutagenicity and particulate size were also measured.

    AB - Hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO) named NExBTL is a 2nd generation renewable diesel fuel made by a refinery-based process converting vegetable oils to paraffins. Also animal fats are suitable for feedstocks. Properties of this non-ester type biobased fuel are very similar to GTL. It contains no sulfur, oxygen, nitrogen or aromatics. Cetane number is very high (∼90). Cloud point can be adjusted by severity of the process from -5 to -30°C, heating value is similar to diesel fuel, storage stability is good, and water solubility is low. Emissions of two heavy duty engines and two city buses are presented with HVO and sulfur free EN 590 diesel fuel. The effect of HVO on regulated emissions compared to EN 590 fuel was: NOx -7 % ⋯ -14 % PM -28 % ⋯ -46 % CO -5 % ⋯ -78 % HC 0 % ⋯ -48 % Aldehydes, PAHs, mutagenicity and particulate size were also measured.

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