Development of new and innovative products through efficient technologies is essential for the implementation of sustainable developments in highly competitive chemical industries. Based on this context, raw materials originating from biomass have been widely used for the production of chemicals and materials. Steam cracking of bio-based or renewable feedstocks in a conventional steam cracking set-up is identified as a promising approach for the sustainable production of base-chemicals. In a two-step process for the production of basechemicals, firstly, bio-derived feedstock is upgraded into a more suitable feedstock which comprises mainly paraffin range hydrocarbons with a lower oxygen content than the original feedstock; secondly, the upgraded feedstock is converted into base-chemicals by conventional steam cracking technology. This research work identifies wood-derived tall oil as a potential feedstock for the production of base-chemicals by catalytic upgrading and steam cracking methods. The main aim of this work was to carry out the catalytic hydrotreating of tall oil feedstocks such as tall oil fatty acid (TOFA), distilled tall oil (DTO) and crude tall oil (CTO) on a commercial, sulfided NiMo catalyst at different process conditions. The effects of space time and process temperatures on the distribution of products from the hydrotreatment of different tall oil feeds were investigated. Hydrotreating chemistry of oxygenates in tall oil were assessed based on the achieved conversion of reactants and product distribution under the investigated conditions. Furthermore, the steam cracking of hydrodeoxygented tall oil (HDOtall oil) feeds was carried out, and evaluation of the yield of olefins in comparison with conventional steam cracking feeds such as naphtha and natural gas condensate (NGC).
|Award date||24 Apr 2015|
|Place of Publication||Espoo|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
|MoE publication type||G5 Doctoral dissertation (article)|
- tall oil
- steam cracking