Bifidobacterium longum L-Arabinose Isomerase—Overexpression in Lactococcus lactis, Purification, and Characterization

Noora Salonen (Corresponding Author), Antti Nyyssölä, Kalle Salonen, Ossi Turunen

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    36 Citations (Scopus)


    Bifidobacterium longum NRRL B-41409 l-arabinose isomerase (L-AI) was cloned and overexpressed in Lactococcus lactis using a phosphate-depletion-inducible expression system. The purified B. longum L-AI was characterized using D-galactose and L-arabinose as the substrates. The enzyme was active and stable at acidic pH with an optimum at pH 6.0–6.5. The enzyme showed the highest activity at 55 °C during a 20-min incubation at pH 6.5. The Km value was 120 mM for L-arabinose and 590 mM for D-galactose. The V max was 42 U mg−1 with L-arabinose and 7.7 U mg−1 with D-galactose as the substrates. The enzyme had very low requirement for metal ions for catalytic activity, but it was stabilized by divalent metal ions (Mg2+, Mn2+). The enzyme bound the metal ions so tightly that they could not be fully removed from the active site by EDTA treatment. Using purified B. longum L-AI as the catalyst at 35 °C, equilibrium yields of 36 % D-tagatose and 11 % L-ribulose with 1.67 M D-galactose and L-arabinose, respectively, as the substrates were reached.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)392-405
    JournalApplied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2012
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • L-Arabinose isomerase
    • Bifidobacterium longum
    • D-Tagarose
    • protein production
    • Lactococcus lactis


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