Ice crushing tests with variable structural flexibility

Mauri Määttänen (Corresponding Author), Pieti Marjavaara, Sami Saarinen, Matti Laakso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


To learn more on ice crushing phenomena against a compliant stiffened plate structure, near full-scale ice crushing tests were conducted in Aker Arctic test basin with a 1:3 scaled model. The dimensions of the to be crushed ice sheet and the stiffened plate were chosen to present a full size ship or offshore structure steel plating which are designed to withstand the crushing loads of 60 cm thick level ice. A major difference to the crushing tests published earlier in literature was that the compliance of one stiffener could be adjusted. The instrumentation in the plate included both strain gauges for load paths from the plate to the stiffeners and a large tactile sensor for detailed direct crushing pressure distribution measurement. In order to have repeatable and homogeneous model ice properties the ice blocks were manufactured by snow ice technique with low salinity water impregnation under vacuum in the mould. Altogether 22 ice blocks were crushed with different ice velocities and plate compliancy. The well-known line like contact prevailed in continuous crushing. The test data indicates that the crushing load distribution is independent from the underlying plate stiffness distribution and no higher crushing pressure at the location of stiffeners was found.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)120-128
JournalCold Regions Science and Technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • ice crushing
  • pressure distribution
  • reinforced plating
  • near full-scale tests
  • line like contact
  • tactile sensor


Dive into the research topics of 'Ice crushing tests with variable structural flexibility'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this