Ice-structure impact contact load calculation with dynamic model and simplified load formula

Aki Kinnunen, Pekka Koskinen, Maria Tikanmäki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Shipping in arctic and in ice conditions is increasing. Modern propulsion systems often utilize azimuthing thrusters in their various forms. When operating azimuthing thruster equipped ships in ice conditions, the thruster will interact with ice. One such interaction type is an impact-type contact of an ice block and the thruster. The contact causes certain loading to the thruster. The contact load problem can be considered as an ice impact to a steel structure. In a study related to developing the Finnish-Swedish ice class rules, the impact forces due to an ice contact to a steel structure are dealt with a simple theoretical model and an experimental approach is used for the model validation. In this paper, the principle of the dynamic load model, its validation and suggestion for a simplified load estimation formula is presented. For an azimuthing thruster operated in ice conditions, an ice block impact contact load can be solved effectively with a simple three-mass dynamic-system model. The contact region is assumed to be a hemisphere indenting into ice, representing the azimuthing thruster hull or the propeller hub. Model considers ship speed, ship mass, thruster mass, ice mass and connections between these. The dynamic model was verified with available full scale data and with two sets of experiments with ice from the Baltic Sea to give good estimate of the contact loads in impacts. The impact speed considered in these cases was below 5 m/s. The suggested simplified formulation is based on the dynamic contact load model results. The dynamic contact load model was run with different initial values. This gives indication how different parameters effect the contact load. The most significant variables were identified and only they are included in the suggested simplified approach.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions
PublisherNorwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event23rd International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions, POAC 2015 - Trondheim, Norway
Duration: 14 Jun 201518 Jun 2015
Conference number: 23

Publication series

NamePOAC Proceedings
PublisherPOAC
ISSN (Print)0376-6756

Conference

Conference23rd International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions, POAC 2015
Abbreviated titlePOAC 2015
CountryNorway
CityTrondheim
Period14/06/1518/06/15

Fingerprint

Ice
Dynamic models
Steel structures
Ships
Ship models
Propellers
Dynamic loads
Freight transportation
Propulsion
Dynamical systems

Cite this

Kinnunen, A., Koskinen, P., & Tikanmäki, M. (2015). Ice-structure impact contact load calculation with dynamic model and simplified load formula. In Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU). POAC Proceedings
Kinnunen, Aki ; Koskinen, Pekka ; Tikanmäki, Maria. / Ice-structure impact contact load calculation with dynamic model and simplified load formula. Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions. Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), 2015. (POAC Proceedings).
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title = "Ice-structure impact contact load calculation with dynamic model and simplified load formula",
abstract = "Shipping in arctic and in ice conditions is increasing. Modern propulsion systems often utilize azimuthing thrusters in their various forms. When operating azimuthing thruster equipped ships in ice conditions, the thruster will interact with ice. One such interaction type is an impact-type contact of an ice block and the thruster. The contact causes certain loading to the thruster. The contact load problem can be considered as an ice impact to a steel structure. In a study related to developing the Finnish-Swedish ice class rules, the impact forces due to an ice contact to a steel structure are dealt with a simple theoretical model and an experimental approach is used for the model validation. In this paper, the principle of the dynamic load model, its validation and suggestion for a simplified load estimation formula is presented. For an azimuthing thruster operated in ice conditions, an ice block impact contact load can be solved effectively with a simple three-mass dynamic-system model. The contact region is assumed to be a hemisphere indenting into ice, representing the azimuthing thruster hull or the propeller hub. Model considers ship speed, ship mass, thruster mass, ice mass and connections between these. The dynamic model was verified with available full scale data and with two sets of experiments with ice from the Baltic Sea to give good estimate of the contact loads in impacts. The impact speed considered in these cases was below 5 m/s. The suggested simplified formulation is based on the dynamic contact load model results. The dynamic contact load model was run with different initial values. This gives indication how different parameters effect the contact load. The most significant variables were identified and only they are included in the suggested simplified approach.",
author = "Aki Kinnunen and Pekka Koskinen and Maria Tikanm{\"a}ki",
year = "2015",
language = "English",
series = "POAC Proceedings",
publisher = "Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)",
booktitle = "Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions",

}

Kinnunen, A, Koskinen, P & Tikanmäki, M 2015, Ice-structure impact contact load calculation with dynamic model and simplified load formula. in Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions. Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), POAC Proceedings, 23rd International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions, POAC 2015, Trondheim, Norway, 14/06/15.

Ice-structure impact contact load calculation with dynamic model and simplified load formula. / Kinnunen, Aki; Koskinen, Pekka; Tikanmäki, Maria.

Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions. Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), 2015. (POAC Proceedings).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Ice-structure impact contact load calculation with dynamic model and simplified load formula

AU - Kinnunen, Aki

AU - Koskinen, Pekka

AU - Tikanmäki, Maria

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Shipping in arctic and in ice conditions is increasing. Modern propulsion systems often utilize azimuthing thrusters in their various forms. When operating azimuthing thruster equipped ships in ice conditions, the thruster will interact with ice. One such interaction type is an impact-type contact of an ice block and the thruster. The contact causes certain loading to the thruster. The contact load problem can be considered as an ice impact to a steel structure. In a study related to developing the Finnish-Swedish ice class rules, the impact forces due to an ice contact to a steel structure are dealt with a simple theoretical model and an experimental approach is used for the model validation. In this paper, the principle of the dynamic load model, its validation and suggestion for a simplified load estimation formula is presented. For an azimuthing thruster operated in ice conditions, an ice block impact contact load can be solved effectively with a simple three-mass dynamic-system model. The contact region is assumed to be a hemisphere indenting into ice, representing the azimuthing thruster hull or the propeller hub. Model considers ship speed, ship mass, thruster mass, ice mass and connections between these. The dynamic model was verified with available full scale data and with two sets of experiments with ice from the Baltic Sea to give good estimate of the contact loads in impacts. The impact speed considered in these cases was below 5 m/s. The suggested simplified formulation is based on the dynamic contact load model results. The dynamic contact load model was run with different initial values. This gives indication how different parameters effect the contact load. The most significant variables were identified and only they are included in the suggested simplified approach.

AB - Shipping in arctic and in ice conditions is increasing. Modern propulsion systems often utilize azimuthing thrusters in their various forms. When operating azimuthing thruster equipped ships in ice conditions, the thruster will interact with ice. One such interaction type is an impact-type contact of an ice block and the thruster. The contact causes certain loading to the thruster. The contact load problem can be considered as an ice impact to a steel structure. In a study related to developing the Finnish-Swedish ice class rules, the impact forces due to an ice contact to a steel structure are dealt with a simple theoretical model and an experimental approach is used for the model validation. In this paper, the principle of the dynamic load model, its validation and suggestion for a simplified load estimation formula is presented. For an azimuthing thruster operated in ice conditions, an ice block impact contact load can be solved effectively with a simple three-mass dynamic-system model. The contact region is assumed to be a hemisphere indenting into ice, representing the azimuthing thruster hull or the propeller hub. Model considers ship speed, ship mass, thruster mass, ice mass and connections between these. The dynamic model was verified with available full scale data and with two sets of experiments with ice from the Baltic Sea to give good estimate of the contact loads in impacts. The impact speed considered in these cases was below 5 m/s. The suggested simplified formulation is based on the dynamic contact load model results. The dynamic contact load model was run with different initial values. This gives indication how different parameters effect the contact load. The most significant variables were identified and only they are included in the suggested simplified approach.

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

T3 - POAC Proceedings

BT - Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions

PB - Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)

ER -

Kinnunen A, Koskinen P, Tikanmäki M. Ice-structure impact contact load calculation with dynamic model and simplified load formula. In Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions. Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU). 2015. (POAC Proceedings).