ICT gateway to simulation environment for electrical fault injection and recovery

Pragya Kirti Gupta (Corresponding author), Pekka T. Savolainen, Markus Duchon

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Due to the advancements in the smart grid technologies, smart mechanisms are required within the Energy Management System (EMS) environments for microgrids. One of the functionalities of EMS is to ensure grid stability. In order to test and validate new mechanisms, appropriate simulation tools exist. Most of the existing validation strategies include modeling the target system in simulation environment and then deploying the mechanism in the real environment. When the validated mechanisms are implemented in real environment, they often do not work as intended and require modification due to the implementation difference within the EMS controller. An EMS should be able to communicate with the simulated model, inject faults in the simulated model and able to perform various control actions. In this paper, we propose a software-in-loop approach, where the grid stability mechanisms are implemented in the EMS, which is deployed in the real environment. EMS must operate exactly the way it does in the simulation environment. For such a capability, the simulation platform should be able to communicate with the EMS. In this work, we consider a 13-node radial distribution grid with one solar panel as a generation unit. The 13-node distribution grid has been modeled using Apros simulation software. SMG2.0, a software application for microgrid is used to monitor, inject electrical faults and trigger recovery mechanisms in the Apros model. A communication architecture called ICT gateway has been developed between Apros and the EMS (SMG2.0). Two fault scenarios (line-breakage and under-voltage) are considered as the fault injection scenarios to evaluate the performance of the communication architecture. When the SMG2.0 detects a line fault, it triggers network reconfiguration as the recovery strategy for the line-breakage scenario in the simulation environment. This approach not only helps in designing fault handling strategies in the electrical network but also helps in designing an effective software application targeted to control the physical entities.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 IEEE International Conference on Communications, Control, and Computing Technologies for Smart Grids, SmartGridComm 2019
PublisherIEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5386-8099-5
ISBN (Print)978-1-5386-8100-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventIEEE International Conference on Communications, Control, and Computing Technologies for Smart Grids - Beijing, China
Duration: 21 Oct 201923 Oct 2019
https://sgc2019.ieee-smartgridcomm.org/

Conference

ConferenceIEEE International Conference on Communications, Control, and Computing Technologies for Smart Grids
Abbreviated titleSmartGridComm 2019
CountryChina
CityBeijing
Period21/10/1923/10/19
Internet address

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Keywords

  • Energy management
  • Tools
  • Smart Grids
  • Software
  • logic gates
  • Information and communication technology
  • Data models
  • Microgrid
  • Apros
  • Simulation
  • Middleware
  • Fault Inspection & recovery
  • energy management system
  • Software-in-loop

Cite this

Gupta, P. K., Savolainen, P. T., & Duchon, M. (2019). ICT gateway to simulation environment for electrical fault injection and recovery. In 2019 IEEE International Conference on Communications, Control, and Computing Technologies for Smart Grids, SmartGridComm 2019 IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers . https://doi.org/10.1109/SmartGridComm.2019.8909808