Fungal infection of barley and malt, particularly by strains of the genus Fusarium, is known to be a direct cause of undesirable beer gushing. Gushing is a phenomenon in which beer spontaneously, without agitation, vigorously over foams out from the package immediately on opening. We have shown previously that small fungal proteins, hydrophobins, act as gushing factors in beer. The aim of our work was to isolate and characterise hydrophobins from a gushing active fungus Fusarium graminearum. We generated profile hidden Markov models (profile HMMs) for the hydrophobin classes IA, IB and II from the multiple sequence alignments of their known members. We searched Fusarium graminearum genome database of predicted proteins ( http://www.broad.mit.edu ) with the models. The best matching sequences and the corresponding genes were isolated and characterised. One of the putative hydrophobin genes was expressed in Trichoderma reesei and the hydrophobinlike protein was isolated from the culture filtrate of the transformant. A concentration of 0.03 ppm of the RP-HPLC purified protein was observed to induce beer gushing.
|Title of host publication||8th European Conference on Fungal Genetics|
|Subtitle of host publication||Book of Abstracts|
|Publisher||Technische Universität Wien|
|Publication status||Published - 2006|
|Event||8th European Conference on Fungal Genetics - Vienna, Austria|
Duration: 8 Apr 2006 → 11 Apr 2006
|Conference||8th European Conference on Fungal Genetics|
|Period||8/04/06 → 11/04/06|
Sarlin, T., Kivioja, T., Linder, M., & Nakari-Setälä, T. (2006). Identification and characterization of hydrophobins from Fusarium graminearum. In 8th European Conference on Fungal Genetics: Book of Abstracts [VIIp-8 ] Technische Universität Wien.