Identification of Oxygen-Depleting Components in MX-80 Bentonite

Torbjörn Carlsson, Arto Muurinen

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    After closure, the near-field of a nuclear waste repository contains large amounts of oxygen in tunnels and deposition holes. The bentonite buffer/backfill will contain oxygen as a gas phase in unsaturated pores as well as dissolved gas in porewater. The redox conditions in the bentonite filling after post-closure will change towards reducing conditions. In the initial stage, the development of the redox state is mainly governed by the depletion of oxygen. The main mechanisms of oxygen depletion in the bentonite are: 1) diffusion into the surrounding rock and 2) reactions with accessory minerals and by microbial aerobic consumption of organic matter [1,2]. The reactions leading to oxygen depletion are not, however, well understood. The objective of this work was to gather new information concerning oxygen depletion in MX-80. This was done by measuring oxygen depletion and changes in the redox state in suspensions of 1) MX-80, 2) a heavy fraction of MX-80, or 3) a light fraction of MX-80.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXXII Symposium
    PublisherMaterials research society
    Pages251-256
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    Event2008 MRS Fall Meeting - Boston, United States
    Duration: 1 Dec 20085 Dec 2008

    Publication series

    SeriesMaterials Research Society Symposia Proceedings
    Number1124
    ISSN0272-9172

    Conference

    Conference2008 MRS Fall Meeting
    CountryUnited States
    CityBoston
    Period1/12/085/12/08

    Fingerprint

    bentonite
    depletion
    oxygen
    closures
    dissolved gases
    accessories
    radioactive wastes
    tunnels
    near fields
    buffers
    minerals
    rocks
    vapor phases
    porosity

    Cite this

    Carlsson, T., & Muurinen, A. (2009). Identification of Oxygen-Depleting Components in MX-80 Bentonite. In Proceedings of the Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXXII Symposium (pp. 251-256). Materials research society. Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings, No. 1124 https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-1124-Q05-02
    Carlsson, Torbjörn ; Muurinen, Arto. / Identification of Oxygen-Depleting Components in MX-80 Bentonite. Proceedings of the Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXXII Symposium. Materials research society, 2009. pp. 251-256 (Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings; No. 1124).
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    abstract = "After closure, the near-field of a nuclear waste repository contains large amounts of oxygen in tunnels and deposition holes. The bentonite buffer/backfill will contain oxygen as a gas phase in unsaturated pores as well as dissolved gas in porewater. The redox conditions in the bentonite filling after post-closure will change towards reducing conditions. In the initial stage, the development of the redox state is mainly governed by the depletion of oxygen. The main mechanisms of oxygen depletion in the bentonite are: 1) diffusion into the surrounding rock and 2) reactions with accessory minerals and by microbial aerobic consumption of organic matter [1,2]. The reactions leading to oxygen depletion are not, however, well understood. The objective of this work was to gather new information concerning oxygen depletion in MX-80. This was done by measuring oxygen depletion and changes in the redox state in suspensions of 1) MX-80, 2) a heavy fraction of MX-80, or 3) a light fraction of MX-80.",
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    Carlsson, T & Muurinen, A 2009, Identification of Oxygen-Depleting Components in MX-80 Bentonite. in Proceedings of the Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXXII Symposium. Materials research society, Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings, no. 1124, pp. 251-256, 2008 MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, United States, 1/12/08. https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-1124-Q05-02

    Identification of Oxygen-Depleting Components in MX-80 Bentonite. / Carlsson, Torbjörn; Muurinen, Arto.

    Proceedings of the Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXXII Symposium. Materials research society, 2009. p. 251-256 (Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings; No. 1124).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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    N2 - After closure, the near-field of a nuclear waste repository contains large amounts of oxygen in tunnels and deposition holes. The bentonite buffer/backfill will contain oxygen as a gas phase in unsaturated pores as well as dissolved gas in porewater. The redox conditions in the bentonite filling after post-closure will change towards reducing conditions. In the initial stage, the development of the redox state is mainly governed by the depletion of oxygen. The main mechanisms of oxygen depletion in the bentonite are: 1) diffusion into the surrounding rock and 2) reactions with accessory minerals and by microbial aerobic consumption of organic matter [1,2]. The reactions leading to oxygen depletion are not, however, well understood. The objective of this work was to gather new information concerning oxygen depletion in MX-80. This was done by measuring oxygen depletion and changes in the redox state in suspensions of 1) MX-80, 2) a heavy fraction of MX-80, or 3) a light fraction of MX-80.

    AB - After closure, the near-field of a nuclear waste repository contains large amounts of oxygen in tunnels and deposition holes. The bentonite buffer/backfill will contain oxygen as a gas phase in unsaturated pores as well as dissolved gas in porewater. The redox conditions in the bentonite filling after post-closure will change towards reducing conditions. In the initial stage, the development of the redox state is mainly governed by the depletion of oxygen. The main mechanisms of oxygen depletion in the bentonite are: 1) diffusion into the surrounding rock and 2) reactions with accessory minerals and by microbial aerobic consumption of organic matter [1,2]. The reactions leading to oxygen depletion are not, however, well understood. The objective of this work was to gather new information concerning oxygen depletion in MX-80. This was done by measuring oxygen depletion and changes in the redox state in suspensions of 1) MX-80, 2) a heavy fraction of MX-80, or 3) a light fraction of MX-80.

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    Carlsson T, Muurinen A. Identification of Oxygen-Depleting Components in MX-80 Bentonite. In Proceedings of the Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXXII Symposium. Materials research society. 2009. p. 251-256. (Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings; No. 1124). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-1124-Q05-02