Ignitability of upholstered furniture: Nordtest project 1986-79

Liisa Pakkala, Eeva-Liisa Kortekallio, Mirja Ulmanen

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Abstract

The main object of this project was to find out a Nordtest method for testing the ignitability of upholstered seating. Four known methods including cigarette, butane flame or wooden crib ignition sources were compared using about 25 typical cover fabrics. Glass fiberboard, cotton batting, untreated or FR treated polyurethane foam, and untreated or FR treated polyester fill were used as filling material. Both the smouldering type and the flaming type of ignition source proved to be necessary, they cannot be replaced by each other. The BS 5852:Part 1:1979 "Methods of test for the ignitability by smokers' materials of upholstered composites for seating" is proposed for Nordtest method as a basic test for the ignitability of upholstered seating. This method can be completed with more severe ignition sources later when an international mutual understanding about them is attained.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages43
ISBN (Print)951-38-1383-5
Publication statusPublished - 1982
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

SeriesValtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tiedotteita
Number69
ISSN0358-5085

Fingerprint

Ignition
Butane
Cotton
Polyurethanes
Foams
Polyesters
Glass
Composite materials
Testing

Cite this

Pakkala, L., Kortekallio, E-L., & Ulmanen, M. (1982). Ignitability of upholstered furniture: Nordtest project 1986-79. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tiedotteita, No. 69
Pakkala, Liisa ; Kortekallio, Eeva-Liisa ; Ulmanen, Mirja. / Ignitability of upholstered furniture : Nordtest project 1986-79. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1982. 43 p. (Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tiedotteita; No. 69).
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Pakkala, L, Kortekallio, E-L & Ulmanen, M 1982, Ignitability of upholstered furniture: Nordtest project 1986-79. Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tiedotteita, no. 69, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

Ignitability of upholstered furniture : Nordtest project 1986-79. / Pakkala, Liisa; Kortekallio, Eeva-Liisa; Ulmanen, Mirja.

Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1982. 43 p. (Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tiedotteita; No. 69).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

TY - BOOK

T1 - Ignitability of upholstered furniture

T2 - Nordtest project 1986-79

AU - Pakkala, Liisa

AU - Kortekallio, Eeva-Liisa

AU - Ulmanen, Mirja

PY - 1982

Y1 - 1982

N2 - The main object of this project was to find out a Nordtest method for testing the ignitability of upholstered seating. Four known methods including cigarette, butane flame or wooden crib ignition sources were compared using about 25 typical cover fabrics. Glass fiberboard, cotton batting, untreated or FR treated polyurethane foam, and untreated or FR treated polyester fill were used as filling material. Both the smouldering type and the flaming type of ignition source proved to be necessary, they cannot be replaced by each other. The BS 5852:Part 1:1979 "Methods of test for the ignitability by smokers' materials of upholstered composites for seating" is proposed for Nordtest method as a basic test for the ignitability of upholstered seating. This method can be completed with more severe ignition sources later when an international mutual understanding about them is attained.

AB - The main object of this project was to find out a Nordtest method for testing the ignitability of upholstered seating. Four known methods including cigarette, butane flame or wooden crib ignition sources were compared using about 25 typical cover fabrics. Glass fiberboard, cotton batting, untreated or FR treated polyurethane foam, and untreated or FR treated polyester fill were used as filling material. Both the smouldering type and the flaming type of ignition source proved to be necessary, they cannot be replaced by each other. The BS 5852:Part 1:1979 "Methods of test for the ignitability by smokers' materials of upholstered composites for seating" is proposed for Nordtest method as a basic test for the ignitability of upholstered seating. This method can be completed with more severe ignition sources later when an international mutual understanding about them is attained.

M3 - Report

SN - 951-38-1383-5

T3 - Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tiedotteita

BT - Ignitability of upholstered furniture

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

ER -

Pakkala L, Kortekallio E-L, Ulmanen M. Ignitability of upholstered furniture: Nordtest project 1986-79. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1982. 43 p. (Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tiedotteita; No. 69).