Image Based Measurement of Particle Phase Reynolds Stresses in a Laboratory Scale Circulating Fluidized Bed

Juho Peltola, Sirpa Kallio, Markus Honkanen, Pentti Saarenrinne

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Abstract

To fully account for the complicated flow patterns of the dense gas-solid suspension in a circulating fluidized bed (CFB) fluid dynamic simulations of CFBs are typically conducted in the transient mode. The computational mesh in these simulations must be reasonably fine, which in the case of large industrial processes is not feasible. A better approach for large processes seems to be time-averaged modeling facilitating steady-state simulation of fluidization. Time-averaging of the transport equations creates fluctuation terms that require modeling. Of these terms the Reynolds stress terms usually are among the largest terms to be modeled. In the present paper, experiments were carried out at a laboratory scale pseudo-2D CFB at Åbo Akademi University, Finland. Image based measurement methods were used to simultaneously determine particle velocities and volume fraction. Backlight illuminated shadowgraphy was the imaging method of choice. From the images, particle velocities were measured with Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV). The sub-pixel accuracy of the PIV-algorithm with the large particle images was verified with synthetic images. The local instantaneous particle volume fraction was determined from the gray-scale value of the shadowgraphy images with a correlation suggested by Grasa and Abanades (2001). The simultaneous measurement of particle velocities and volume fraction allows calculation of particle phase Reynolds stresses and volume fraction weighted average velocities. The results are presented at different particle sizes and fluidization velocities in the present paper.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of ICMF-2010
Place of PublicationTampa, FL, USA
PublisherUniversity of Florida
Publication statusPublished - 2010
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
Event7th International Conference on Multiphase Flow, ICMF 2010 - Tampa, United States
Duration: 30 May 20104 Jun 2010

Conference

Conference7th International Conference on Multiphase Flow, ICMF 2010
Abbreviated titleICMF-2010
CountryUnited States
CityTampa
Period30/05/104/06/10

Fingerprint

Reynolds stress
beds
particle image velocimetry
solid suspensions
Finland
simulation
gray scale
fluid dynamics
mesh
flow distribution
pixels
gases

Keywords

  • circulating fluidized bed
  • time-averaged modeling
  • Reynolds stresses
  • shadowgraphy
  • particle image velocimetry

Cite this

Peltola, J., Kallio, S., Honkanen, M., & Saarenrinne, P. (2010). Image Based Measurement of Particle Phase Reynolds Stresses in a Laboratory Scale Circulating Fluidized Bed. In Proceedings of ICMF-2010 Tampa, FL, USA: University of Florida.
Peltola, Juho ; Kallio, Sirpa ; Honkanen, Markus ; Saarenrinne, Pentti. / Image Based Measurement of Particle Phase Reynolds Stresses in a Laboratory Scale Circulating Fluidized Bed. Proceedings of ICMF-2010. Tampa, FL, USA : University of Florida, 2010.
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abstract = "To fully account for the complicated flow patterns of the dense gas-solid suspension in a circulating fluidized bed (CFB) fluid dynamic simulations of CFBs are typically conducted in the transient mode. The computational mesh in these simulations must be reasonably fine, which in the case of large industrial processes is not feasible. A better approach for large processes seems to be time-averaged modeling facilitating steady-state simulation of fluidization. Time-averaging of the transport equations creates fluctuation terms that require modeling. Of these terms the Reynolds stress terms usually are among the largest terms to be modeled. In the present paper, experiments were carried out at a laboratory scale pseudo-2D CFB at {\AA}bo Akademi University, Finland. Image based measurement methods were used to simultaneously determine particle velocities and volume fraction. Backlight illuminated shadowgraphy was the imaging method of choice. From the images, particle velocities were measured with Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV). The sub-pixel accuracy of the PIV-algorithm with the large particle images was verified with synthetic images. The local instantaneous particle volume fraction was determined from the gray-scale value of the shadowgraphy images with a correlation suggested by Grasa and Abanades (2001). The simultaneous measurement of particle velocities and volume fraction allows calculation of particle phase Reynolds stresses and volume fraction weighted average velocities. The results are presented at different particle sizes and fluidization velocities in the present paper.",
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Peltola, J, Kallio, S, Honkanen, M & Saarenrinne, P 2010, Image Based Measurement of Particle Phase Reynolds Stresses in a Laboratory Scale Circulating Fluidized Bed. in Proceedings of ICMF-2010. University of Florida, Tampa, FL, USA, 7th International Conference on Multiphase Flow, ICMF 2010, Tampa, United States, 30/05/10.

Image Based Measurement of Particle Phase Reynolds Stresses in a Laboratory Scale Circulating Fluidized Bed. / Peltola, Juho; Kallio, Sirpa; Honkanen, Markus; Saarenrinne, Pentti.

Proceedings of ICMF-2010. Tampa, FL, USA : University of Florida, 2010.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

TY - GEN

T1 - Image Based Measurement of Particle Phase Reynolds Stresses in a Laboratory Scale Circulating Fluidized Bed

AU - Peltola, Juho

AU - Kallio, Sirpa

AU - Honkanen, Markus

AU - Saarenrinne, Pentti

N1 - Project code: 71020

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - To fully account for the complicated flow patterns of the dense gas-solid suspension in a circulating fluidized bed (CFB) fluid dynamic simulations of CFBs are typically conducted in the transient mode. The computational mesh in these simulations must be reasonably fine, which in the case of large industrial processes is not feasible. A better approach for large processes seems to be time-averaged modeling facilitating steady-state simulation of fluidization. Time-averaging of the transport equations creates fluctuation terms that require modeling. Of these terms the Reynolds stress terms usually are among the largest terms to be modeled. In the present paper, experiments were carried out at a laboratory scale pseudo-2D CFB at Åbo Akademi University, Finland. Image based measurement methods were used to simultaneously determine particle velocities and volume fraction. Backlight illuminated shadowgraphy was the imaging method of choice. From the images, particle velocities were measured with Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV). The sub-pixel accuracy of the PIV-algorithm with the large particle images was verified with synthetic images. The local instantaneous particle volume fraction was determined from the gray-scale value of the shadowgraphy images with a correlation suggested by Grasa and Abanades (2001). The simultaneous measurement of particle velocities and volume fraction allows calculation of particle phase Reynolds stresses and volume fraction weighted average velocities. The results are presented at different particle sizes and fluidization velocities in the present paper.

AB - To fully account for the complicated flow patterns of the dense gas-solid suspension in a circulating fluidized bed (CFB) fluid dynamic simulations of CFBs are typically conducted in the transient mode. The computational mesh in these simulations must be reasonably fine, which in the case of large industrial processes is not feasible. A better approach for large processes seems to be time-averaged modeling facilitating steady-state simulation of fluidization. Time-averaging of the transport equations creates fluctuation terms that require modeling. Of these terms the Reynolds stress terms usually are among the largest terms to be modeled. In the present paper, experiments were carried out at a laboratory scale pseudo-2D CFB at Åbo Akademi University, Finland. Image based measurement methods were used to simultaneously determine particle velocities and volume fraction. Backlight illuminated shadowgraphy was the imaging method of choice. From the images, particle velocities were measured with Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV). The sub-pixel accuracy of the PIV-algorithm with the large particle images was verified with synthetic images. The local instantaneous particle volume fraction was determined from the gray-scale value of the shadowgraphy images with a correlation suggested by Grasa and Abanades (2001). The simultaneous measurement of particle velocities and volume fraction allows calculation of particle phase Reynolds stresses and volume fraction weighted average velocities. The results are presented at different particle sizes and fluidization velocities in the present paper.

KW - circulating fluidized bed

KW - time-averaged modeling

KW - Reynolds stresses

KW - shadowgraphy

KW - particle image velocimetry

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

BT - Proceedings of ICMF-2010

PB - University of Florida

CY - Tampa, FL, USA

ER -

Peltola J, Kallio S, Honkanen M, Saarenrinne P. Image Based Measurement of Particle Phase Reynolds Stresses in a Laboratory Scale Circulating Fluidized Bed. In Proceedings of ICMF-2010. Tampa, FL, USA: University of Florida. 2010