Immunocytochemical analysis of Uukuniemi virus budding compartments: Role of the intermediate compartment and the Golgi stack in virus maturation

Jussi Jäntti, Pekka Hilden, Hanne Rönkä, Virpi Mäkiranta, Sirkka Keränen, Esa Kuismanen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    50 Citations (Scopus)


    Previous studies have suggested that Uukuniemi virus, a bunyavirus, matures at the membranes of the Golgi complex. In this study we have employed immunocytochemical techniques to analyze in detail the budding compartment(s) of the virus. Electron microscopy of infected BHK-21 cells showed that virus particles are found in the cisternae throughout the Golgi stack. Within the cisternae, the virus particles were located preferentially in the dilated rims. This would suggest that virus budding may begin at or before the cis Golgi membranes. The virus budding compartment was studied further by immunoelectron microscopy with a pre-Golgi intermediate compartment marker, p58, and a Golgi stack marker protein, mannosidase II (ManII). Virus particles and budding virus were detected in ManII-positive Golgi stack membranes and, interestingly, in both juxtanuclear and peripheral p58-positive elements of the intermediate compartment. In cells incubated at 15 degrees C the nucleocapsid and virus envelope proteins were seen to accumulate in the intermediate compartment. Immunoelectron microscopy demonstrated that at 15 degrees C the nucleocapsid is associated with membranes that show a characteristic distribution and tubulo-vesicular morphology of the pre-Golgi intermediate compartment. These membranes contained virus particles in the lumen. The results indicate that the first site of formation of Uukuniemi virus particles is the pre-Golgi intermediate compartment and that virus budding continues in the Golgi stack. The results raise questions about the intracellular transport pathway of the virus particles, which are 100 to 120 nm in diameter and are therefore too large to be transported in the 60-nm-diameter vesicles postulated to function in the intra-Golgi transport. The distribution of the virus in the Golgi stack may imply that the cisternae themselves have a role in the vectorial transport of virus particles.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1162 - 1172
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of Virology
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 1997
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    Dive into the research topics of 'Immunocytochemical analysis of Uukuniemi virus budding compartments: Role of the intermediate compartment and the Golgi stack in virus maturation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this