Impact-abrasion wear of wear-resistant steels at perpendicular and tilted angles

V. Ratia (Corresponding Author), Kati Valtonen, Veli-Tapani Kuokkala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Earth moving and processing machinery has to withstand heavy wear caused by impacts and scratching by the soil. Especially, the edges are subjected to heavy wear. To simulate these conditions, impeller-tumbler impact-abrasion wear testing equipment was used to determine the wear resistance of four steel grades at perpendicular and tilted sample angles. The angles were selected to simulate the loading conditions. Natural granite rock was used as abrasive. The amount of wear was clearly smaller in the harder materials. The significance of hardness was quite similar at both sample angles in the steady-state wear of wear-resistant steels. On the initial state wear, hardness had a slightly greater effect at the perpendicular angle due to more severe wear in sample edges already at the beginning of the test. Overall, the largest differences in wear were observed in the sample edges. At the perpendicular sample angle, the sample edges were much more rounded. Some small differences were observed in the surface formations due to dissimilar movement of the abrasive. Deformed surfaces and fractured lips indicated that wear occurred mainly by the deformation of material followed by the removal of the deformed areas through impacts. In addition, scratches and dents were observed. It was found that larger sized abrasives caused higher mass loss than abrasives of similar mass but smaller size. Moreover, same amount of abrasive particles in each test reduces the scatter of the results.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)868-877
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2013
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • wear
  • testing
  • abrasion
  • impact
  • steel
  • angle


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