Impact of Different Concrete Types on Radio Propagation: Fundamentals and Practical RF Measurements

Ari Asp, Tuomo Hentilä, Mikko Valkama, Jussa Pikkuvirta, Arto Hujanen, Ismo Huhtinen

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    By the 1960's, European countries faced a massive housing shortage due to changes in social structure and migration from rural areas to towns. This led to a rapid growth of suburban areas in the 1960's and 1970's. Concrete, as a building material became popular as the prefabrication techniques of precast concrete structures developed rapidly during this era, and these trends continue even today. In the near future, the number of frequency bands used by mobile wireless communication systems will increase and, in general, the trend is towards higher frequencies. This paper presents the results of measurements in which the RF attenuations of several different concrete types were determined on the basis of the permittivity of the material samples. The frequency ranges used in the measurements were 4.5 to 19 GHz and 26 to 40 GHz. In particular, at higher frequencies, the attenuation of various concrete grades is very different, and the level of RF attenuation of the outer wall cannot be predicted without knowing the age of the building and the concrete quality used in the element.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication4th International Conference on Smart and Sustainable Technologies, SpliTech 2019
    EditorsJoel J.P.C. Rodrigues, Petar Solic, Toni Perkovic, Katarina Vukojevic, Joel J.P.C. Rodrigues, Luigi Patrono, Sandro Nizetic
    PublisherIEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
    Number of pages8
    ISBN (Electronic)978-953-290-091-0
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    Event4th International Conference on Smart and Sustainable Technologies, SpliTech 2019 - Bol/Split, Croatia
    Duration: 18 Jun 201921 Jun 2019

    Conference

    Conference4th International Conference on Smart and Sustainable Technologies, SpliTech 2019
    CountryCroatia
    CityBol/Split
    Period18/06/1921/06/19

    Fingerprint

    radio transmission
    Radio transmission
    Concretes
    attenuation
    suburban areas
    rural areas
    trends
    concrete structures
    Precast concrete
    wireless communication
    Concrete construction
    Frequency bands
    telecommunication
    grade
    Communication systems
    Permittivity
    frequency ranges
    permittivity

    Keywords

    • energy-efficient buildings
    • outdoor-To-indoor propagation
    • penetration loss
    • plastering net
    • Radiowave propagation
    • RF measurements

    Cite this

    Asp, A., Hentilä, T., Valkama, M., Pikkuvirta, J., Hujanen, A., & Huhtinen, I. (2019). Impact of Different Concrete Types on Radio Propagation: Fundamentals and Practical RF Measurements. In J. J. P. C. Rodrigues, P. Solic, T. Perkovic, K. Vukojevic, J. J. P. C. Rodrigues, L. Patrono, & S. Nizetic (Eds.), 4th International Conference on Smart and Sustainable Technologies, SpliTech 2019 IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers . https://doi.org/10.23919/SpliTech.2019.8783022
    Asp, Ari ; Hentilä, Tuomo ; Valkama, Mikko ; Pikkuvirta, Jussa ; Hujanen, Arto ; Huhtinen, Ismo. / Impact of Different Concrete Types on Radio Propagation : Fundamentals and Practical RF Measurements. 4th International Conference on Smart and Sustainable Technologies, SpliTech 2019. editor / Joel J.P.C. Rodrigues ; Petar Solic ; Toni Perkovic ; Katarina Vukojevic ; Joel J.P.C. Rodrigues ; Luigi Patrono ; Sandro Nizetic. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , 2019.
    @inproceedings{59f20e9a1ba843ddb0e17aa5ecfe0bcc,
    title = "Impact of Different Concrete Types on Radio Propagation: Fundamentals and Practical RF Measurements",
    abstract = "By the 1960's, European countries faced a massive housing shortage due to changes in social structure and migration from rural areas to towns. This led to a rapid growth of suburban areas in the 1960's and 1970's. Concrete, as a building material became popular as the prefabrication techniques of precast concrete structures developed rapidly during this era, and these trends continue even today. In the near future, the number of frequency bands used by mobile wireless communication systems will increase and, in general, the trend is towards higher frequencies. This paper presents the results of measurements in which the RF attenuations of several different concrete types were determined on the basis of the permittivity of the material samples. The frequency ranges used in the measurements were 4.5 to 19 GHz and 26 to 40 GHz. In particular, at higher frequencies, the attenuation of various concrete grades is very different, and the level of RF attenuation of the outer wall cannot be predicted without knowing the age of the building and the concrete quality used in the element.",
    keywords = "energy-efficient buildings, outdoor-To-indoor propagation, penetration loss, plastering net, Radiowave propagation, RF measurements",
    author = "Ari Asp and Tuomo Hentil{\"a} and Mikko Valkama and Jussa Pikkuvirta and Arto Hujanen and Ismo Huhtinen",
    year = "2019",
    month = "6",
    doi = "10.23919/SpliTech.2019.8783022",
    language = "English",
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    booktitle = "4th International Conference on Smart and Sustainable Technologies, SpliTech 2019",
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    Asp, A, Hentilä, T, Valkama, M, Pikkuvirta, J, Hujanen, A & Huhtinen, I 2019, Impact of Different Concrete Types on Radio Propagation: Fundamentals and Practical RF Measurements. in JJPC Rodrigues, P Solic, T Perkovic, K Vukojevic, JJPC Rodrigues, L Patrono & S Nizetic (eds), 4th International Conference on Smart and Sustainable Technologies, SpliTech 2019. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , 4th International Conference on Smart and Sustainable Technologies, SpliTech 2019, Bol/Split, Croatia, 18/06/19. https://doi.org/10.23919/SpliTech.2019.8783022

    Impact of Different Concrete Types on Radio Propagation : Fundamentals and Practical RF Measurements. / Asp, Ari; Hentilä, Tuomo; Valkama, Mikko; Pikkuvirta, Jussa; Hujanen, Arto; Huhtinen, Ismo.

    4th International Conference on Smart and Sustainable Technologies, SpliTech 2019. ed. / Joel J.P.C. Rodrigues; Petar Solic; Toni Perkovic; Katarina Vukojevic; Joel J.P.C. Rodrigues; Luigi Patrono; Sandro Nizetic. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , 2019.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    TY - GEN

    T1 - Impact of Different Concrete Types on Radio Propagation

    T2 - Fundamentals and Practical RF Measurements

    AU - Asp, Ari

    AU - Hentilä, Tuomo

    AU - Valkama, Mikko

    AU - Pikkuvirta, Jussa

    AU - Hujanen, Arto

    AU - Huhtinen, Ismo

    PY - 2019/6

    Y1 - 2019/6

    N2 - By the 1960's, European countries faced a massive housing shortage due to changes in social structure and migration from rural areas to towns. This led to a rapid growth of suburban areas in the 1960's and 1970's. Concrete, as a building material became popular as the prefabrication techniques of precast concrete structures developed rapidly during this era, and these trends continue even today. In the near future, the number of frequency bands used by mobile wireless communication systems will increase and, in general, the trend is towards higher frequencies. This paper presents the results of measurements in which the RF attenuations of several different concrete types were determined on the basis of the permittivity of the material samples. The frequency ranges used in the measurements were 4.5 to 19 GHz and 26 to 40 GHz. In particular, at higher frequencies, the attenuation of various concrete grades is very different, and the level of RF attenuation of the outer wall cannot be predicted without knowing the age of the building and the concrete quality used in the element.

    AB - By the 1960's, European countries faced a massive housing shortage due to changes in social structure and migration from rural areas to towns. This led to a rapid growth of suburban areas in the 1960's and 1970's. Concrete, as a building material became popular as the prefabrication techniques of precast concrete structures developed rapidly during this era, and these trends continue even today. In the near future, the number of frequency bands used by mobile wireless communication systems will increase and, in general, the trend is towards higher frequencies. This paper presents the results of measurements in which the RF attenuations of several different concrete types were determined on the basis of the permittivity of the material samples. The frequency ranges used in the measurements were 4.5 to 19 GHz and 26 to 40 GHz. In particular, at higher frequencies, the attenuation of various concrete grades is very different, and the level of RF attenuation of the outer wall cannot be predicted without knowing the age of the building and the concrete quality used in the element.

    KW - energy-efficient buildings

    KW - outdoor-To-indoor propagation

    KW - penetration loss

    KW - plastering net

    KW - Radiowave propagation

    KW - RF measurements

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85070820498&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.23919/SpliTech.2019.8783022

    DO - 10.23919/SpliTech.2019.8783022

    M3 - Conference article in proceedings

    AN - SCOPUS:85070820498

    BT - 4th International Conference on Smart and Sustainable Technologies, SpliTech 2019

    A2 - Rodrigues, Joel J.P.C.

    A2 - Solic, Petar

    A2 - Perkovic, Toni

    A2 - Vukojevic, Katarina

    A2 - Rodrigues, Joel J.P.C.

    A2 - Patrono, Luigi

    A2 - Nizetic, Sandro

    PB - IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers

    ER -

    Asp A, Hentilä T, Valkama M, Pikkuvirta J, Hujanen A, Huhtinen I. Impact of Different Concrete Types on Radio Propagation: Fundamentals and Practical RF Measurements. In Rodrigues JJPC, Solic P, Perkovic T, Vukojevic K, Rodrigues JJPC, Patrono L, Nizetic S, editors, 4th International Conference on Smart and Sustainable Technologies, SpliTech 2019. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers . 2019 https://doi.org/10.23919/SpliTech.2019.8783022