Impact of nanocapsules on red blood cells interplay jointly assessed by optical tweezers and microscopy

Tatiana Avsievich (Corresponding Author), Yana Tarakanchikova, Ruixue Zhu, Alexey Popov (Corresponding Author), Alexander Bykov, Ilya Skovorodkin, Seppo Vainio, Igor Meglinski (Corresponding Author)

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Abstract

In the framework of novel medical paradigm the red blood cells (RBCs) have a great potential to be used as drug delivery carriers. This approach requires an ultimate understanding of the peculiarities of mutual interaction of RBC influenced by nano-materials composed the drugs. Optical tweezers (OT) is widely used to explore mechanisms of cells' interaction with the ability to trap non-invasively, manipulate and displace living cells with a notably high accuracy. In the current study, the mutual interaction of RBC with polymeric nano-capsules (NCs) is investigated utilizing a two-channel OT system. The obtained results suggest that, in the presence of NCs, the RBC aggregation in plasma satisfies the 'cross-bridges' model. Complementarily, the allocation of NCs on the RBC membrane was observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), while for assessment of NCs-induced morphological changes the tests with the human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) was performed. The combined application of OT and advanced microscopy approaches brings new insights into the conception of direct observation of cells interaction influenced by NCs for the estimation of possible cytotoxic effects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number19
JournalMicromachines
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Keywords

  • Cytotoxicity
  • Human mesenchymal stem cells
  • Optical microscopy
  • Optical tweezers
  • Polymeric nanocapsules
  • Red blood cells
  • SEM

Cite this

Avsievich, T., Tarakanchikova, Y., Zhu, R., Popov, A., Bykov, A., Skovorodkin, I., Vainio, S., & Meglinski, I. (2020). Impact of nanocapsules on red blood cells interplay jointly assessed by optical tweezers and microscopy. Micromachines, 11(1), [19]. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi11010019