Impact of Total Solid Content and Extraction pH on Enzyme-Aided Recovery of Protein from Defatted Rapeseed (Brassica rapa L.) Press Cake and Physicochemical Properties of the Protein Fractions

Katariina Rommi (Corresponding Author), Dilek Ercili-Cura, Terhi K. Hakala, Emilia Nordlund, Kaisa Poutanen, Raija Lantto

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8 Citations (Scopus)


Pectinase treatment was used to facilitate protein recovery from defatted rapeseed (Brassica rapa) cold-pressing residue in water-lean conditions and without pH adjustment. Effect of extraction pH on protein yield and physiochemical properties of the protein concentrates was assessed. Enzymatic hydrolysis of carbohydrates was feasible at high (40%) solid content and improved protein recovery at pH 6. Comparable protein yields (40-41% of total protein) from enzyme-aided water extraction (pH 6) and nonenzymatic alkaline extraction (pH10) at 10% solid content suggested that after enzymatic treatment, rapeseed protein could be extracted without exposure to alkali. However, water extraction required dilute conditions, whereas alkaline extraction was feasible also at 20% solid content. The water extracts possessed better protein solubility, higher ?- potential, and smaller particle size than isoelectric precipitates from alkaline extraction, indicating higher dispersion stability. This is suggested to be mediated by electrostatic interactions between proteins and pectic carbohydrates in the water extracts.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2997-3003
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed



  • pectinase treatment
  • protein extraction
  • isoelectric precipitation
  • protein solubility
  • anionic carbohydrates

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