Ultrasonication alone or in combination with a pH-shifting method could be applied as means for improving the techno-functional properties and performance of barley protein ingredients in liquid food matrix. Ultrasound technology was utilised with and without pH-shifting to 3, 7 and 9 aiming at investigating their impact on primary protein structure, protein solubility, particle size and colloidal stability of an air-classified protein-enriched barley fraction and a barley protein isolate. Shifting the pH of sample dispersion to 9 followed by neutralisation to pH 7 improved protein solubility and colloidal stability of the isolate whereas it had less impact on the protein-enriched fraction. Ultrasound treatment improved both protein solubility and colloidal stability of the protein-enriched fraction at alkaline pH and particle size reduction by ultrasonication was observed at all the studied pH-values. For protein isolate, ultrasonication improved protein solubility at all pH-values and colloidal stability was improved at acidic and neutral pH whereas the sample was inherently stable at alkaline pH. The protein profiles of both ingredients remained unaffected by ultrasound treatment. The results suggest adopting ultrasonication as a promising tool for improving applicability of barley protein ingredients in liquid food systems.
- Barley protein isolate
- Colloidal stability
- Particle size
- Protein solubility
- Protein-enriched barley fraction