IMPACT2010 (IMPACT) and Structures under Soft Impact (SUSI): IMPACT and SUSI joint report

Kim Calonius, Ilkka Hakola, Simo Hostikka, Arja Saarenheimo, Ari Silde, Ari Vepsä, Markku Tuomala

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional

    Abstract

    An impact test apparatus has been built in autumn 2004 to test especially soft missile impacts against reinforced concrete walls. The apparatus has been designed to be suitable also for investigating fuel spreading, e.g. measuring droplet size and velocity. At the beginning of the project, one of the main purposes was to measure the force time function during the impact. It was enabled by a thick force plate with force transducers installed in front of the supporting frame. The main aim of the project is to produce data for verifying and developing numerical models and methods. This work has been carried out within the SUSI project. The spread of liquid fuel as a result of an aircraft crash may cause a sudden fire with hazardous effects on the safety of the NPP. The spread phenomena have been studied at VTT in the IMPACT tests both experimentally and numerically. The goals of the study were to increase a general understanding of the liquid dispersion phenomena under impact conditions, to measure some of the input parameters needed for numerical simulations, and to take in use and to validate simulation methods for the determination of fuel spread and fires. The Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) program was used to estimate the fraction of the aircraft fuel that accumulates into pools burning on the ground and to examine the heat exposures resulting from a 10 ton kerosene release.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationSAFIR2010
    Subtitle of host publicationThe Finnish Research Programme on Safety 2007-2010: Final Report
    Place of PublicationEspoo
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Pages490-519
    ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-7690-6
    ISBN (Print)978-951-38-7689-0
    Publication statusPublished - 2011
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes
    Number2571
    ISSN1235-0605

    Fingerprint

    Fires
    Aircraft fuels
    Kerosene
    Liquid fuels
    Missiles
    Reinforced concrete
    Numerical models
    Transducers
    Numerical methods
    Simulators
    Aircraft
    Computer simulation
    Liquids
    Hot Temperature

    Cite this

    Calonius, K., Hakola, I., Hostikka, S., Saarenheimo, A., Silde, A., Vepsä, A., & Tuomala, M. (2011). IMPACT2010 (IMPACT) and Structures under Soft Impact (SUSI): IMPACT and SUSI joint report. In SAFIR2010: The Finnish Research Programme on Safety 2007-2010: Final Report (pp. 490-519). Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes, No. 2571
    Calonius, Kim ; Hakola, Ilkka ; Hostikka, Simo ; Saarenheimo, Arja ; Silde, Ari ; Vepsä, Ari ; Tuomala, Markku. / IMPACT2010 (IMPACT) and Structures under Soft Impact (SUSI) : IMPACT and SUSI joint report. SAFIR2010: The Finnish Research Programme on Safety 2007-2010: Final Report. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2011. pp. 490-519 (VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes; No. 2571).
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    title = "IMPACT2010 (IMPACT) and Structures under Soft Impact (SUSI): IMPACT and SUSI joint report",
    abstract = "An impact test apparatus has been built in autumn 2004 to test especially soft missile impacts against reinforced concrete walls. The apparatus has been designed to be suitable also for investigating fuel spreading, e.g. measuring droplet size and velocity. At the beginning of the project, one of the main purposes was to measure the force time function during the impact. It was enabled by a thick force plate with force transducers installed in front of the supporting frame. The main aim of the project is to produce data for verifying and developing numerical models and methods. This work has been carried out within the SUSI project. The spread of liquid fuel as a result of an aircraft crash may cause a sudden fire with hazardous effects on the safety of the NPP. The spread phenomena have been studied at VTT in the IMPACT tests both experimentally and numerically. The goals of the study were to increase a general understanding of the liquid dispersion phenomena under impact conditions, to measure some of the input parameters needed for numerical simulations, and to take in use and to validate simulation methods for the determination of fuel spread and fires. The Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) program was used to estimate the fraction of the aircraft fuel that accumulates into pools burning on the ground and to examine the heat exposures resulting from a 10 ton kerosene release.",
    author = "Kim Calonius and Ilkka Hakola and Simo Hostikka and Arja Saarenheimo and Ari Silde and Ari Veps{\"a} and Markku Tuomala",
    year = "2011",
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    isbn = "978-951-38-7689-0",
    series = "VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes",
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    Calonius, K, Hakola, I, Hostikka, S, Saarenheimo, A, Silde, A, Vepsä, A & Tuomala, M 2011, IMPACT2010 (IMPACT) and Structures under Soft Impact (SUSI): IMPACT and SUSI joint report. in SAFIR2010: The Finnish Research Programme on Safety 2007-2010: Final Report. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes, no. 2571, pp. 490-519.

    IMPACT2010 (IMPACT) and Structures under Soft Impact (SUSI) : IMPACT and SUSI joint report. / Calonius, Kim; Hakola, Ilkka; Hostikka, Simo; Saarenheimo, Arja; Silde, Ari; Vepsä, Ari; Tuomala, Markku.

    SAFIR2010: The Finnish Research Programme on Safety 2007-2010: Final Report. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2011. p. 490-519 (VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes; No. 2571).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional

    TY - CHAP

    T1 - IMPACT2010 (IMPACT) and Structures under Soft Impact (SUSI)

    T2 - IMPACT and SUSI joint report

    AU - Calonius, Kim

    AU - Hakola, Ilkka

    AU - Hostikka, Simo

    AU - Saarenheimo, Arja

    AU - Silde, Ari

    AU - Vepsä, Ari

    AU - Tuomala, Markku

    PY - 2011

    Y1 - 2011

    N2 - An impact test apparatus has been built in autumn 2004 to test especially soft missile impacts against reinforced concrete walls. The apparatus has been designed to be suitable also for investigating fuel spreading, e.g. measuring droplet size and velocity. At the beginning of the project, one of the main purposes was to measure the force time function during the impact. It was enabled by a thick force plate with force transducers installed in front of the supporting frame. The main aim of the project is to produce data for verifying and developing numerical models and methods. This work has been carried out within the SUSI project. The spread of liquid fuel as a result of an aircraft crash may cause a sudden fire with hazardous effects on the safety of the NPP. The spread phenomena have been studied at VTT in the IMPACT tests both experimentally and numerically. The goals of the study were to increase a general understanding of the liquid dispersion phenomena under impact conditions, to measure some of the input parameters needed for numerical simulations, and to take in use and to validate simulation methods for the determination of fuel spread and fires. The Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) program was used to estimate the fraction of the aircraft fuel that accumulates into pools burning on the ground and to examine the heat exposures resulting from a 10 ton kerosene release.

    AB - An impact test apparatus has been built in autumn 2004 to test especially soft missile impacts against reinforced concrete walls. The apparatus has been designed to be suitable also for investigating fuel spreading, e.g. measuring droplet size and velocity. At the beginning of the project, one of the main purposes was to measure the force time function during the impact. It was enabled by a thick force plate with force transducers installed in front of the supporting frame. The main aim of the project is to produce data for verifying and developing numerical models and methods. This work has been carried out within the SUSI project. The spread of liquid fuel as a result of an aircraft crash may cause a sudden fire with hazardous effects on the safety of the NPP. The spread phenomena have been studied at VTT in the IMPACT tests both experimentally and numerically. The goals of the study were to increase a general understanding of the liquid dispersion phenomena under impact conditions, to measure some of the input parameters needed for numerical simulations, and to take in use and to validate simulation methods for the determination of fuel spread and fires. The Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) program was used to estimate the fraction of the aircraft fuel that accumulates into pools burning on the ground and to examine the heat exposures resulting from a 10 ton kerosene release.

    M3 - Chapter or book article

    SN - 978-951-38-7689-0

    T3 - VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes

    SP - 490

    EP - 519

    BT - SAFIR2010

    PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

    CY - Espoo

    ER -

    Calonius K, Hakola I, Hostikka S, Saarenheimo A, Silde A, Vepsä A et al. IMPACT2010 (IMPACT) and Structures under Soft Impact (SUSI): IMPACT and SUSI joint report. In SAFIR2010: The Finnish Research Programme on Safety 2007-2010: Final Report. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2011. p. 490-519. (VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes; No. 2571).