IMPACT2010 (IMPACT) and Structures under soft impact (SUSI): IMPACT and SUSI summary report

Kim Calonius, Ilkka Hakola, Simo Hostikka, Juha Kuutti, Auli Lastunen, Hannu Martikainen, Arja Saarenheimo, Ari Silde, Markku Tuomala

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional

Abstract

The IMPACT testing facility has been built to investigate the impact of deformable missiles on concrete structures [1]. The test facility is designed for medium scale tests the maximum missile weight of 50 to 100 kg depending on the missile velocity in the range 100 to 200 m/s. The Impact project is mainly concentrated to the research of soft missile impacts on concrete walls, but also several tests have been carried out using hard steel missiles. The main purpose of the project is to produce data for verifying and developing numerical models and methods. This work has been carried out within the SUSI project [2, 3]. The spread of liquid fuel as a result of an intentional or accidental aircraft crash may cause a sudden fire with hazardous effects on the safety of the NPP. The spread phenomena have been studied at VTT in the IMPACT tests where the missile is filled by water (called wet missile tests) [4]. The goals of the study are to increase a general knowledge of the liquid dispersion phenomena under impact conditions, measure the most important test parameters to be used in validation of simulation techniques, and take in use and validate suitable simulation methods than can be used for the determination of fuel spread and fire risk following an airplane crash. The Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) program is found to be a useful tool for the problem, and the program will be applied in future also.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSAFIR2010: The Finnish Research Programme on Nuclear Power Plant Safety 2007-2010
Subtitle of host publicationInterim Report
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Pages446-473
ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-7267-0
ISBN (Print)978-951-38-7266-3
Publication statusPublished - 2009
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Publication series

SeriesVTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes
Number2466
ISSN1235-0605

Fingerprint

Missiles
Fires
Aircraft
Liquid fuels
Test facilities
Concrete construction
Numerical models
Numerical methods
Simulators
Concretes
Steel
Liquids
Testing
Water

Cite this

Calonius, K., Hakola, I., Hostikka, S., Kuutti, J., Lastunen, A., Martikainen, H., ... Tuomala, M. (2009). IMPACT2010 (IMPACT) and Structures under soft impact (SUSI): IMPACT and SUSI summary report. In SAFIR2010: The Finnish Research Programme on Nuclear Power Plant Safety 2007-2010 : Interim Report (pp. 446-473). Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes, No. 2466
Calonius, Kim ; Hakola, Ilkka ; Hostikka, Simo ; Kuutti, Juha ; Lastunen, Auli ; Martikainen, Hannu ; Saarenheimo, Arja ; Silde, Ari ; Tuomala, Markku. / IMPACT2010 (IMPACT) and Structures under soft impact (SUSI) : IMPACT and SUSI summary report. SAFIR2010: The Finnish Research Programme on Nuclear Power Plant Safety 2007-2010 : Interim Report . Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2009. pp. 446-473 (VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes; No. 2466).
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abstract = "The IMPACT testing facility has been built to investigate the impact of deformable missiles on concrete structures [1]. The test facility is designed for medium scale tests the maximum missile weight of 50 to 100 kg depending on the missile velocity in the range 100 to 200 m/s. The Impact project is mainly concentrated to the research of soft missile impacts on concrete walls, but also several tests have been carried out using hard steel missiles. The main purpose of the project is to produce data for verifying and developing numerical models and methods. This work has been carried out within the SUSI project [2, 3]. The spread of liquid fuel as a result of an intentional or accidental aircraft crash may cause a sudden fire with hazardous effects on the safety of the NPP. The spread phenomena have been studied at VTT in the IMPACT tests where the missile is filled by water (called wet missile tests) [4]. The goals of the study are to increase a general knowledge of the liquid dispersion phenomena under impact conditions, measure the most important test parameters to be used in validation of simulation techniques, and take in use and validate suitable simulation methods than can be used for the determination of fuel spread and fire risk following an airplane crash. The Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) program is found to be a useful tool for the problem, and the program will be applied in future also.",
author = "Kim Calonius and Ilkka Hakola and Simo Hostikka and Juha Kuutti and Auli Lastunen and Hannu Martikainen and Arja Saarenheimo and Ari Silde and Markku Tuomala",
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Calonius, K, Hakola, I, Hostikka, S, Kuutti, J, Lastunen, A, Martikainen, H, Saarenheimo, A, Silde, A & Tuomala, M 2009, IMPACT2010 (IMPACT) and Structures under soft impact (SUSI): IMPACT and SUSI summary report. in SAFIR2010: The Finnish Research Programme on Nuclear Power Plant Safety 2007-2010 : Interim Report . VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes, no. 2466, pp. 446-473.

IMPACT2010 (IMPACT) and Structures under soft impact (SUSI) : IMPACT and SUSI summary report. / Calonius, Kim; Hakola, Ilkka; Hostikka, Simo; Kuutti, Juha; Lastunen, Auli; Martikainen, Hannu; Saarenheimo, Arja; Silde, Ari; Tuomala, Markku.

SAFIR2010: The Finnish Research Programme on Nuclear Power Plant Safety 2007-2010 : Interim Report . Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2009. p. 446-473 (VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes; No. 2466).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional

TY - CHAP

T1 - IMPACT2010 (IMPACT) and Structures under soft impact (SUSI)

T2 - IMPACT and SUSI summary report

AU - Calonius, Kim

AU - Hakola, Ilkka

AU - Hostikka, Simo

AU - Kuutti, Juha

AU - Lastunen, Auli

AU - Martikainen, Hannu

AU - Saarenheimo, Arja

AU - Silde, Ari

AU - Tuomala, Markku

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - The IMPACT testing facility has been built to investigate the impact of deformable missiles on concrete structures [1]. The test facility is designed for medium scale tests the maximum missile weight of 50 to 100 kg depending on the missile velocity in the range 100 to 200 m/s. The Impact project is mainly concentrated to the research of soft missile impacts on concrete walls, but also several tests have been carried out using hard steel missiles. The main purpose of the project is to produce data for verifying and developing numerical models and methods. This work has been carried out within the SUSI project [2, 3]. The spread of liquid fuel as a result of an intentional or accidental aircraft crash may cause a sudden fire with hazardous effects on the safety of the NPP. The spread phenomena have been studied at VTT in the IMPACT tests where the missile is filled by water (called wet missile tests) [4]. The goals of the study are to increase a general knowledge of the liquid dispersion phenomena under impact conditions, measure the most important test parameters to be used in validation of simulation techniques, and take in use and validate suitable simulation methods than can be used for the determination of fuel spread and fire risk following an airplane crash. The Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) program is found to be a useful tool for the problem, and the program will be applied in future also.

AB - The IMPACT testing facility has been built to investigate the impact of deformable missiles on concrete structures [1]. The test facility is designed for medium scale tests the maximum missile weight of 50 to 100 kg depending on the missile velocity in the range 100 to 200 m/s. The Impact project is mainly concentrated to the research of soft missile impacts on concrete walls, but also several tests have been carried out using hard steel missiles. The main purpose of the project is to produce data for verifying and developing numerical models and methods. This work has been carried out within the SUSI project [2, 3]. The spread of liquid fuel as a result of an intentional or accidental aircraft crash may cause a sudden fire with hazardous effects on the safety of the NPP. The spread phenomena have been studied at VTT in the IMPACT tests where the missile is filled by water (called wet missile tests) [4]. The goals of the study are to increase a general knowledge of the liquid dispersion phenomena under impact conditions, measure the most important test parameters to be used in validation of simulation techniques, and take in use and validate suitable simulation methods than can be used for the determination of fuel spread and fire risk following an airplane crash. The Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) program is found to be a useful tool for the problem, and the program will be applied in future also.

M3 - Chapter or book article

SN - 978-951-38-7266-3

T3 - VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes

SP - 446

EP - 473

BT - SAFIR2010: The Finnish Research Programme on Nuclear Power Plant Safety 2007-2010

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

ER -

Calonius K, Hakola I, Hostikka S, Kuutti J, Lastunen A, Martikainen H et al. IMPACT2010 (IMPACT) and Structures under soft impact (SUSI): IMPACT and SUSI summary report. In SAFIR2010: The Finnish Research Programme on Nuclear Power Plant Safety 2007-2010 : Interim Report . Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2009. p. 446-473. (VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes; No. 2466).