Implementation of IPPC-directive: Development of a new generation methodology and a case study in pulp industry

Markus Olin, Antti Pasanen, Ulla Ojaniemi, Ulla-Maija Mroueh, Marko Walavaara, Kari Larjava, Petri Vasara, Pia Lobbas, Katja Lillandt

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Abstract

This study is an attempt to answer the question "What kind of aspects could appear when implementing IPPC and how to deal with them?" During the study this question was attacked with methodology development and test usage. These actions were expected to result in a practical and ease way to apply IPPC principles. This development work has resulted in 1) few prototype methods and tools for practical calculations for comparing process alternatives and 2) for making evaluations of process alternatives with environmental, economical and technical aspect. The methodology is expected to help industry by them selves and together with authorities to create and evaluate cost- and eco-effective alternatives. This study arises crucial questions: "how IPPC Articles are to be interpreted by authorities and how industry can utilise the new permit procedures"? While IPPC does not give any practical methods for how to study streams on air, water and soil as being inherently connected to each other via process (Article 6 and Article 9 item 3), now prototyped tools - CALORIE (top-down approach) and SMARTMASS (bottom-up approach) - has been proposed and demonstrated with investment and emission parameters and with elementary mass balance data. These prototyped methods enhance to set-up mass balance measurements and calculations revealing the circulation of components and mass balance connections between various waste streams. This data - flows and concentrations - can even be lifted up as additional investment criteria. These kinds of approaches should be available for industry and authorities when implementing IPPC directive.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages85
ISBN (Electronic)951-38-5597-X
ISBN (Print)951-38-5596-1
Publication statusPublished - 2000
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

SeriesVTT Publications
Number429
ISSN1235-0621

Fingerprint

mass balance
methodology
industry
top-down approach
bottom-up approach
air
cost
method
pulp industry
directive
soil
water
calculation
test
evaluation
parameter

Keywords

  • pulp industry
  • environmental impacts
  • IPPC
  • directives
  • EU
  • environmental protection
  • air pollution
  • water pollution
  • energy consumption
  • raw materials

Cite this

Olin, M., Pasanen, A., Ojaniemi, U., Mroueh, U-M., Walavaara, M., Larjava, K., ... Lillandt, K. (2000). Implementation of IPPC-directive: Development of a new generation methodology and a case study in pulp industry. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Publications, No. 429
Olin, Markus ; Pasanen, Antti ; Ojaniemi, Ulla ; Mroueh, Ulla-Maija ; Walavaara, Marko ; Larjava, Kari ; Vasara, Petri ; Lobbas, Pia ; Lillandt, Katja. / Implementation of IPPC-directive : Development of a new generation methodology and a case study in pulp industry. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2000. 85 p. (VTT Publications; No. 429).
@book{80f12d128771480494607451b280b051,
title = "Implementation of IPPC-directive: Development of a new generation methodology and a case study in pulp industry",
abstract = "This study is an attempt to answer the question {"}What kind of aspects could appear when implementing IPPC and how to deal with them?{"} During the study this question was attacked with methodology development and test usage. These actions were expected to result in a practical and ease way to apply IPPC principles. This development work has resulted in 1) few prototype methods and tools for practical calculations for comparing process alternatives and 2) for making evaluations of process alternatives with environmental, economical and technical aspect. The methodology is expected to help industry by them selves and together with authorities to create and evaluate cost- and eco-effective alternatives. This study arises crucial questions: {"}how IPPC Articles are to be interpreted by authorities and how industry can utilise the new permit procedures{"}? While IPPC does not give any practical methods for how to study streams on air, water and soil as being inherently connected to each other via process (Article 6 and Article 9 item 3), now prototyped tools - CALORIE (top-down approach) and SMARTMASS (bottom-up approach) - has been proposed and demonstrated with investment and emission parameters and with elementary mass balance data. These prototyped methods enhance to set-up mass balance measurements and calculations revealing the circulation of components and mass balance connections between various waste streams. This data - flows and concentrations - can even be lifted up as additional investment criteria. These kinds of approaches should be available for industry and authorities when implementing IPPC directive.",
keywords = "pulp industry, environmental impacts, IPPC, directives, EU, environmental protection, air pollution, water pollution, energy consumption, raw materials",
author = "Markus Olin and Antti Pasanen and Ulla Ojaniemi and Ulla-Maija Mroueh and Marko Walavaara and Kari Larjava and Petri Vasara and Pia Lobbas and Katja Lillandt",
year = "2000",
language = "English",
isbn = "951-38-5596-1",
series = "VTT Publications",
publisher = "VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland",
number = "429",
address = "Finland",

}

Olin, M, Pasanen, A, Ojaniemi, U, Mroueh, U-M, Walavaara, M, Larjava, K, Vasara, P, Lobbas, P & Lillandt, K 2000, Implementation of IPPC-directive: Development of a new generation methodology and a case study in pulp industry. VTT Publications, no. 429, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

Implementation of IPPC-directive : Development of a new generation methodology and a case study in pulp industry. / Olin, Markus; Pasanen, Antti; Ojaniemi, Ulla; Mroueh, Ulla-Maija; Walavaara, Marko; Larjava, Kari; Vasara, Petri; Lobbas, Pia; Lillandt, Katja.

Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2000. 85 p. (VTT Publications; No. 429).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

TY - BOOK

T1 - Implementation of IPPC-directive

T2 - Development of a new generation methodology and a case study in pulp industry

AU - Olin, Markus

AU - Pasanen, Antti

AU - Ojaniemi, Ulla

AU - Mroueh, Ulla-Maija

AU - Walavaara, Marko

AU - Larjava, Kari

AU - Vasara, Petri

AU - Lobbas, Pia

AU - Lillandt, Katja

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - This study is an attempt to answer the question "What kind of aspects could appear when implementing IPPC and how to deal with them?" During the study this question was attacked with methodology development and test usage. These actions were expected to result in a practical and ease way to apply IPPC principles. This development work has resulted in 1) few prototype methods and tools for practical calculations for comparing process alternatives and 2) for making evaluations of process alternatives with environmental, economical and technical aspect. The methodology is expected to help industry by them selves and together with authorities to create and evaluate cost- and eco-effective alternatives. This study arises crucial questions: "how IPPC Articles are to be interpreted by authorities and how industry can utilise the new permit procedures"? While IPPC does not give any practical methods for how to study streams on air, water and soil as being inherently connected to each other via process (Article 6 and Article 9 item 3), now prototyped tools - CALORIE (top-down approach) and SMARTMASS (bottom-up approach) - has been proposed and demonstrated with investment and emission parameters and with elementary mass balance data. These prototyped methods enhance to set-up mass balance measurements and calculations revealing the circulation of components and mass balance connections between various waste streams. This data - flows and concentrations - can even be lifted up as additional investment criteria. These kinds of approaches should be available for industry and authorities when implementing IPPC directive.

AB - This study is an attempt to answer the question "What kind of aspects could appear when implementing IPPC and how to deal with them?" During the study this question was attacked with methodology development and test usage. These actions were expected to result in a practical and ease way to apply IPPC principles. This development work has resulted in 1) few prototype methods and tools for practical calculations for comparing process alternatives and 2) for making evaluations of process alternatives with environmental, economical and technical aspect. The methodology is expected to help industry by them selves and together with authorities to create and evaluate cost- and eco-effective alternatives. This study arises crucial questions: "how IPPC Articles are to be interpreted by authorities and how industry can utilise the new permit procedures"? While IPPC does not give any practical methods for how to study streams on air, water and soil as being inherently connected to each other via process (Article 6 and Article 9 item 3), now prototyped tools - CALORIE (top-down approach) and SMARTMASS (bottom-up approach) - has been proposed and demonstrated with investment and emission parameters and with elementary mass balance data. These prototyped methods enhance to set-up mass balance measurements and calculations revealing the circulation of components and mass balance connections between various waste streams. This data - flows and concentrations - can even be lifted up as additional investment criteria. These kinds of approaches should be available for industry and authorities when implementing IPPC directive.

KW - pulp industry

KW - environmental impacts

KW - IPPC

KW - directives

KW - EU

KW - environmental protection

KW - air pollution

KW - water pollution

KW - energy consumption

KW - raw materials

M3 - Report

SN - 951-38-5596-1

T3 - VTT Publications

BT - Implementation of IPPC-directive

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

ER -

Olin M, Pasanen A, Ojaniemi U, Mroueh U-M, Walavaara M, Larjava K et al. Implementation of IPPC-directive: Development of a new generation methodology and a case study in pulp industry. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2000. 85 p. (VTT Publications; No. 429).