Implementation of quantitative fire risk assessment in PSA (FIRAS): Estimation of pyrolysis model parameters for condenced phase materials

Anna Matala, Simo Hostikka, Johan Mangs

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional

    Abstract

    Determination of the material parameters is one of the key challenges of numerical fire simulation attempting to predict, rather than prescribe the heat release rate. In this work, we use common fire simulation software and genetic algorithms to estimate the kinetic and thermal reaction parameters for PVC, black PMMA and a power cable. Parameters are estimated by modelling thermogravimetric and cone calorimeter experiments and minimizing the error between the experimental and numerical results.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationSAFIR2010: The Finnish Research Programme on Nuclear Power Plant Safety 2007-2010
    Subtitle of host publicationInterim Report
    Place of PublicationEspoo
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Pages506-517
    ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-7267-0
    ISBN (Print)978-951-38-7266-3
    Publication statusPublished - 2009
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes
    Number2466
    ISSN1235-0605

    Fingerprint

    Risk assessment
    Fires
    Pyrolysis
    Calorimeters
    Polyvinyl chlorides
    Cones
    Cables
    Genetic algorithms
    Kinetics
    Experiments
    Hot Temperature

    Cite this

    Matala, A., Hostikka, S., & Mangs, J. (2009). Implementation of quantitative fire risk assessment in PSA (FIRAS): Estimation of pyrolysis model parameters for condenced phase materials. In SAFIR2010: The Finnish Research Programme on Nuclear Power Plant Safety 2007-2010 : Interim Report (pp. 506-517). Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes, No. 2466
    Matala, Anna ; Hostikka, Simo ; Mangs, Johan. / Implementation of quantitative fire risk assessment in PSA (FIRAS) : Estimation of pyrolysis model parameters for condenced phase materials. SAFIR2010: The Finnish Research Programme on Nuclear Power Plant Safety 2007-2010 : Interim Report . Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2009. pp. 506-517 (VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes; No. 2466).
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    abstract = "Determination of the material parameters is one of the key challenges of numerical fire simulation attempting to predict, rather than prescribe the heat release rate. In this work, we use common fire simulation software and genetic algorithms to estimate the kinetic and thermal reaction parameters for PVC, black PMMA and a power cable. Parameters are estimated by modelling thermogravimetric and cone calorimeter experiments and minimizing the error between the experimental and numerical results.",
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    Matala, A, Hostikka, S & Mangs, J 2009, Implementation of quantitative fire risk assessment in PSA (FIRAS): Estimation of pyrolysis model parameters for condenced phase materials. in SAFIR2010: The Finnish Research Programme on Nuclear Power Plant Safety 2007-2010 : Interim Report . VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes, no. 2466, pp. 506-517.

    Implementation of quantitative fire risk assessment in PSA (FIRAS) : Estimation of pyrolysis model parameters for condenced phase materials. / Matala, Anna; Hostikka, Simo; Mangs, Johan.

    SAFIR2010: The Finnish Research Programme on Nuclear Power Plant Safety 2007-2010 : Interim Report . Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2009. p. 506-517 (VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes; No. 2466).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional

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    AU - Matala, Anna

    AU - Hostikka, Simo

    AU - Mangs, Johan

    PY - 2009

    Y1 - 2009

    N2 - Determination of the material parameters is one of the key challenges of numerical fire simulation attempting to predict, rather than prescribe the heat release rate. In this work, we use common fire simulation software and genetic algorithms to estimate the kinetic and thermal reaction parameters for PVC, black PMMA and a power cable. Parameters are estimated by modelling thermogravimetric and cone calorimeter experiments and minimizing the error between the experimental and numerical results.

    AB - Determination of the material parameters is one of the key challenges of numerical fire simulation attempting to predict, rather than prescribe the heat release rate. In this work, we use common fire simulation software and genetic algorithms to estimate the kinetic and thermal reaction parameters for PVC, black PMMA and a power cable. Parameters are estimated by modelling thermogravimetric and cone calorimeter experiments and minimizing the error between the experimental and numerical results.

    M3 - Chapter or book article

    SN - 978-951-38-7266-3

    T3 - VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes

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    CY - Espoo

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    Matala A, Hostikka S, Mangs J. Implementation of quantitative fire risk assessment in PSA (FIRAS): Estimation of pyrolysis model parameters for condenced phase materials. In SAFIR2010: The Finnish Research Programme on Nuclear Power Plant Safety 2007-2010 : Interim Report . Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2009. p. 506-517. (VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes; No. 2466).