Implementing environmentally-friendly and durable concrete to Finnish practice

Erika Holt, Leif Wirtanen, Tuula Råman, Mika Tulimaa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Producing durable concrete that is environmentally-friendly has been the goal of recent Finnish research. Extensive testing was done on about 40 mixtures containing up to 10 % silica fume, 60 % fly ash, and/or 70 % blast furnace slag. Laboratory and field station tests were conducted, along with coring from existing structures and making applied tests in local factories. Models were developed to assess deterioration tendencies and recommendations were provided for industry. This paper provides an overview of the project results and shares how some of the research results have been implemented by Finnish industry.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77 - 92
Number of pages16
JournalNordic Concrete Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2004
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • concrete
  • environmentally-friendly
  • slag
  • fly ash
  • silica fume
  • frost durability
  • field stations


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