Implications of 5G Connectivity on Mining Automation Safety

Eetu Heikkilä (Corresponding author), Timo Malm, Daniel Pakkala, Jere Backman, Pekka Pääkkönen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review


Increasing automation and development towards autonomous systems are major trends in underground mining. By successfully applying automation, the efficiency of operations can be increased, and safety risks reduced. To enable increasingly flexible automated operations, fast and reliable connectivity is required. To address these needs, 5G networks are being developed in the mining sector. While 5G-enabled automated systems can improve safety, they also introduce new risks that need to be addressed in system development. In this paper, we present a brief overview of the implications of 5G in the underground mining sector. Additionally, we review selected safety requirements and standards relevant for development 5G-enabled automated mining. As a result, we present a structure of safety requirements that need to be considered when developing such systems.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 32nd European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL 2022)
EditorsMaria Chiara Leva, Edoardo Patelli, Luca Podofillini, Simon Wilson
PublisherResearch Publishing Services
ISBN (Electronic)978-981-18-5183-4
Publication statusPublished - 2022
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventEuropean Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2022 - Dublin, Ireland
Duration: 28 Aug 20221 Sept 2022
Conference number: 32


ConferenceEuropean Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2022
Abbreviated titleESREL 2022


  • mobile machinery
  • mining machinery
  • autonomous systems
  • 5G
  • safety requirements


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