Improved confinement in JET hybrid discharges

JET-EFDA collaborators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A new technique has been developed to produce plasmas with improved confinement relative to the H98,y2 scaling law (ITER Physics Expert Groups on Confinement and Transport and Confinement Modelling and Database ITER Physics Basics Editors and ITER EDA 1999 Nucl. Fusion 39 2175) on the JET tokamak. In the mid-size tokamaks ASDEX upgrade and DIII-D heating during the current formation is used to produce a flat q-profile with a minimum close to 1. On JET this technique leads to q-profiles with similar minimum q but opposite to the other tokamaks not to an improved confinement state. By changing the method utilizing a faster current ramp with temporary higher current than in the flattop (current overshoot) plasmas with improved confinement (H98,y2 = 1.35) and good stability (βN ≈ 3) have been produced and extended to many confinement times only limited by technical constraints. The increase in H98,y2-factor is stronger with more heating power as can be seen in a power scan. The q-profile development during the high power phase in JET is reproduced by current diffusion calculated by TRANSP and CRONOS. Therefore the modifications produced by the current overshoot disappear quickly from the edge but the confinement improvement lasts longer, in some cases up to the end of the heating phase.
Original languageEnglish
Article number095001
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Volume54
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Plasma confinement
Heating
Physics
Plasmas
Scaling laws
Fusion reactions
heating
profiles
physics
plasma currents
ramps
scaling laws
high current
fusion

Cite this

JET-EFDA collaborators. / Improved confinement in JET hybrid discharges. In: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion. 2012 ; Vol. 54, No. 9.
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Improved confinement in JET hybrid discharges. / JET-EFDA collaborators.

In: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, Vol. 54, No. 9, 095001, 2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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