Improved functionality of antibody-colloidal gold conjugates with the aid of lipoamide-grafted N-[tris(hydroxymethyl)methyl]acrylamide polymers

Willem M. Albers (Corresponding Author), Tony Munter, Päivi Laaksonen, Inger Vikholm-Lundin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Colloidal gold has been used as a label in sandwich assays for human IgG, in which intercalating N-[tris(hydroxymethyl)methyl]acrylamide (pTHMMAA) polymers have been employed to stabilise the particles coated with antibody fragments. A direct absorbance reading of the particles could be obtained from sandwich assays on polystyrene, and a strongly amplified response was observed in similar assays based on Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR): for h-IgG, detection limits below 100 pg/mL could be achieved. Three different polymer lengths and two different particles sizes were compared in sandwich assays performed on polystyrene and gold. The resulting binding curves fitted well to the Langmuir–Freundlich isotherm and the binding constants were in good agreement with the values found in earlier studies. The amplification afforded by the nanoparticles was strongly dependent on the antigen concentration, on the type of polymer and on the particle size. Compared to the direct response of the antigen, amplification factors larger than 100 could be achieved. The study proves that the polymers give stabilised particles, which can be used in highly sensitive sandwich assays.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume348
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Gold Colloid
Acrylamide
Antibodies
Assays
Polymers
Gold
Polystyrenes
Antigens
Amplification
Immunoglobulin G
Particle size
Immunoglobulin Fragments
Surface plasmon resonance
Isotherms
Labels
lipoamide
Nanoparticles

Keywords

  • Antibody Fab'-fragment
  • Colloidal gold
  • Immobilisation
  • Sandwich immunoassay
  • Stability
  • Surface Plasmon Resonance

Cite this

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title = "Improved functionality of antibody-colloidal gold conjugates with the aid of lipoamide-grafted N-[tris(hydroxymethyl)methyl]acrylamide polymers",
abstract = "Colloidal gold has been used as a label in sandwich assays for human IgG, in which intercalating N-[tris(hydroxymethyl)methyl]acrylamide (pTHMMAA) polymers have been employed to stabilise the particles coated with antibody fragments. A direct absorbance reading of the particles could be obtained from sandwich assays on polystyrene, and a strongly amplified response was observed in similar assays based on Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR): for h-IgG, detection limits below 100 pg/mL could be achieved. Three different polymer lengths and two different particles sizes were compared in sandwich assays performed on polystyrene and gold. The resulting binding curves fitted well to the Langmuir–Freundlich isotherm and the binding constants were in good agreement with the values found in earlier studies. The amplification afforded by the nanoparticles was strongly dependent on the antigen concentration, on the type of polymer and on the particle size. Compared to the direct response of the antigen, amplification factors larger than 100 could be achieved. The study proves that the polymers give stabilised particles, which can be used in highly sensitive sandwich assays.",
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Improved functionality of antibody-colloidal gold conjugates with the aid of lipoamide-grafted N-[tris(hydroxymethyl)methyl]acrylamide polymers. / Albers, Willem M. (Corresponding Author); Munter, Tony; Laaksonen, Päivi; Vikholm-Lundin, Inger.

In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol. 348, No. 1, 2010, p. 1-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Improved functionality of antibody-colloidal gold conjugates with the aid of lipoamide-grafted N-[tris(hydroxymethyl)methyl]acrylamide polymers

AU - Albers, Willem M.

AU - Munter, Tony

AU - Laaksonen, Päivi

AU - Vikholm-Lundin, Inger

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Colloidal gold has been used as a label in sandwich assays for human IgG, in which intercalating N-[tris(hydroxymethyl)methyl]acrylamide (pTHMMAA) polymers have been employed to stabilise the particles coated with antibody fragments. A direct absorbance reading of the particles could be obtained from sandwich assays on polystyrene, and a strongly amplified response was observed in similar assays based on Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR): for h-IgG, detection limits below 100 pg/mL could be achieved. Three different polymer lengths and two different particles sizes were compared in sandwich assays performed on polystyrene and gold. The resulting binding curves fitted well to the Langmuir–Freundlich isotherm and the binding constants were in good agreement with the values found in earlier studies. The amplification afforded by the nanoparticles was strongly dependent on the antigen concentration, on the type of polymer and on the particle size. Compared to the direct response of the antigen, amplification factors larger than 100 could be achieved. The study proves that the polymers give stabilised particles, which can be used in highly sensitive sandwich assays.

AB - Colloidal gold has been used as a label in sandwich assays for human IgG, in which intercalating N-[tris(hydroxymethyl)methyl]acrylamide (pTHMMAA) polymers have been employed to stabilise the particles coated with antibody fragments. A direct absorbance reading of the particles could be obtained from sandwich assays on polystyrene, and a strongly amplified response was observed in similar assays based on Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR): for h-IgG, detection limits below 100 pg/mL could be achieved. Three different polymer lengths and two different particles sizes were compared in sandwich assays performed on polystyrene and gold. The resulting binding curves fitted well to the Langmuir–Freundlich isotherm and the binding constants were in good agreement with the values found in earlier studies. The amplification afforded by the nanoparticles was strongly dependent on the antigen concentration, on the type of polymer and on the particle size. Compared to the direct response of the antigen, amplification factors larger than 100 could be achieved. The study proves that the polymers give stabilised particles, which can be used in highly sensitive sandwich assays.

KW - Antibody Fab'-fragment

KW - Colloidal gold

KW - Immobilisation

KW - Sandwich immunoassay

KW - Stability

KW - Surface Plasmon Resonance

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DO - 10.1016/j.jcis.2010.03.059

M3 - Article

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