Improvement of air quality in a small indoor ice arena by effective emission control in ice resurfacers

Arto Pennanen, Raimo Salonen, Tom Eklund, Nils-Olof Nylund, Kiyong Lee, John Spengler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effectiveness of a new emission control system in the ice resurfacer was tested in an exhaust gas emission laboratory, and the improvement of the air quality in a small, enclosed ice arena was demonstrated in a 4.5-month follow-up study. The emission control system consisted of a lambda sensor-controlled fuel supply and a three-way metallic catalyst that were applied to a propane-fueled resurfacer. In the laboratory tests, the engine emissions of carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (HC), and nitrogen oxides (NO ) reduced simultaneously by 91, 90, and 96%, respectively. During the air quality follow-up the median 1-hour average nitrogen dioxide (N02) concentration inside the ice arena decreased from 430 ug/m3 (230ppb) to 58 ug/m3 (31 ppb), and that of CO decreased from 4.4 mg/m3 (3.8 ppm) to 1.5 mg/m3 (1.3 ppm). The new emission control system proved to be a feasible, reliable, and effective means to improve the indoor air quality in the ice arena. However, continuous mechanical ventilation was necessary during all business hours in order to achieve and maintain a fully acceptable air quality with this technology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1087 - 1094
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Air and Waste Management Association
Volume47
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

emission control
air quality
ice
control system
carbon monoxide
propane
nitrogen dioxide
indoor air
nitrogen oxides
ventilation
engine
catalyst
hydrocarbon
sensor

Cite this

Pennanen, Arto ; Salonen, Raimo ; Eklund, Tom ; Nylund, Nils-Olof ; Lee, Kiyong ; Spengler, John. / Improvement of air quality in a small indoor ice arena by effective emission control in ice resurfacers. In: Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association. 1997 ; Vol. 47, No. 10. pp. 1087 - 1094.
@article{a7f8c2c33f0a4cbea5142307acd2fd00,
title = "Improvement of air quality in a small indoor ice arena by effective emission control in ice resurfacers",
abstract = "The effectiveness of a new emission control system in the ice resurfacer was tested in an exhaust gas emission laboratory, and the improvement of the air quality in a small, enclosed ice arena was demonstrated in a 4.5-month follow-up study. The emission control system consisted of a lambda sensor-controlled fuel supply and a three-way metallic catalyst that were applied to a propane-fueled resurfacer. In the laboratory tests, the engine emissions of carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (HC), and nitrogen oxides (NO ) reduced simultaneously by 91, 90, and 96{\%}, respectively. During the air quality follow-up the median 1-hour average nitrogen dioxide (N02) concentration inside the ice arena decreased from 430 ug/m3 (230ppb) to 58 ug/m3 (31 ppb), and that of CO decreased from 4.4 mg/m3 (3.8 ppm) to 1.5 mg/m3 (1.3 ppm). The new emission control system proved to be a feasible, reliable, and effective means to improve the indoor air quality in the ice arena. However, continuous mechanical ventilation was necessary during all business hours in order to achieve and maintain a fully acceptable air quality with this technology.",
author = "Arto Pennanen and Raimo Salonen and Tom Eklund and Nils-Olof Nylund and Kiyong Lee and John Spengler",
year = "1997",
doi = "10.1080/10962247.1997.11877499",
language = "English",
volume = "47",
pages = "1087 -- 1094",
journal = "Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association",
issn = "1096-2247",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "10",

}

Improvement of air quality in a small indoor ice arena by effective emission control in ice resurfacers. / Pennanen, Arto; Salonen, Raimo; Eklund, Tom; Nylund, Nils-Olof; Lee, Kiyong; Spengler, John.

In: Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association, Vol. 47, No. 10, 1997, p. 1087 - 1094.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Improvement of air quality in a small indoor ice arena by effective emission control in ice resurfacers

AU - Pennanen, Arto

AU - Salonen, Raimo

AU - Eklund, Tom

AU - Nylund, Nils-Olof

AU - Lee, Kiyong

AU - Spengler, John

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

N2 - The effectiveness of a new emission control system in the ice resurfacer was tested in an exhaust gas emission laboratory, and the improvement of the air quality in a small, enclosed ice arena was demonstrated in a 4.5-month follow-up study. The emission control system consisted of a lambda sensor-controlled fuel supply and a three-way metallic catalyst that were applied to a propane-fueled resurfacer. In the laboratory tests, the engine emissions of carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (HC), and nitrogen oxides (NO ) reduced simultaneously by 91, 90, and 96%, respectively. During the air quality follow-up the median 1-hour average nitrogen dioxide (N02) concentration inside the ice arena decreased from 430 ug/m3 (230ppb) to 58 ug/m3 (31 ppb), and that of CO decreased from 4.4 mg/m3 (3.8 ppm) to 1.5 mg/m3 (1.3 ppm). The new emission control system proved to be a feasible, reliable, and effective means to improve the indoor air quality in the ice arena. However, continuous mechanical ventilation was necessary during all business hours in order to achieve and maintain a fully acceptable air quality with this technology.

AB - The effectiveness of a new emission control system in the ice resurfacer was tested in an exhaust gas emission laboratory, and the improvement of the air quality in a small, enclosed ice arena was demonstrated in a 4.5-month follow-up study. The emission control system consisted of a lambda sensor-controlled fuel supply and a three-way metallic catalyst that were applied to a propane-fueled resurfacer. In the laboratory tests, the engine emissions of carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (HC), and nitrogen oxides (NO ) reduced simultaneously by 91, 90, and 96%, respectively. During the air quality follow-up the median 1-hour average nitrogen dioxide (N02) concentration inside the ice arena decreased from 430 ug/m3 (230ppb) to 58 ug/m3 (31 ppb), and that of CO decreased from 4.4 mg/m3 (3.8 ppm) to 1.5 mg/m3 (1.3 ppm). The new emission control system proved to be a feasible, reliable, and effective means to improve the indoor air quality in the ice arena. However, continuous mechanical ventilation was necessary during all business hours in order to achieve and maintain a fully acceptable air quality with this technology.

U2 - 10.1080/10962247.1997.11877499

DO - 10.1080/10962247.1997.11877499

M3 - Article

VL - 47

SP - 1087

EP - 1094

JO - Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association

JF - Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association

SN - 1096-2247

IS - 10

ER -