Improvement of air quality in a small indoor ice arena by effective emission control in ice resurfacers

Arto Pennanen, Raimo Salonen, Tom Eklund, Nils-Olof Nylund, Kiyong Lee, John Spengler

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The effectiveness of a new emission control system in the ice resurfacer was tested in an exhaust gas emission laboratory, and the improvement of the air quality in a small, enclosed ice arena was demonstrated in a 4.5-month follow-up study. The emission control system consisted of a lambda sensor-controlled fuel supply and a three-way metallic catalyst that were applied to a propane-fueled resurfacer. In the laboratory tests, the engine emissions of carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (HC), and nitrogen oxides (NO ) reduced simultaneously by 91, 90, and 96%, respectively. During the air quality follow-up the median 1-hour average nitrogen dioxide (N02) concentration inside the ice arena decreased from 430 ug/m3 (230ppb) to 58 ug/m3 (31 ppb), and that of CO decreased from 4.4 mg/m3 (3.8 ppm) to 1.5 mg/m3 (1.3 ppm). The new emission control system proved to be a feasible, reliable, and effective means to improve the indoor air quality in the ice arena. However, continuous mechanical ventilation was necessary during all business hours in order to achieve and maintain a fully acceptable air quality with this technology.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1087 - 1094
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of the Air and Waste Management Association
    Volume47
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1997
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    emission control
    air quality
    ice
    control system
    carbon monoxide
    propane
    nitrogen dioxide
    indoor air
    nitrogen oxides
    ventilation
    engine
    catalyst
    hydrocarbon
    sensor

    Cite this

    Pennanen, Arto ; Salonen, Raimo ; Eklund, Tom ; Nylund, Nils-Olof ; Lee, Kiyong ; Spengler, John. / Improvement of air quality in a small indoor ice arena by effective emission control in ice resurfacers. In: Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association. 1997 ; Vol. 47, No. 10. pp. 1087 - 1094.
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    title = "Improvement of air quality in a small indoor ice arena by effective emission control in ice resurfacers",
    abstract = "The effectiveness of a new emission control system in the ice resurfacer was tested in an exhaust gas emission laboratory, and the improvement of the air quality in a small, enclosed ice arena was demonstrated in a 4.5-month follow-up study. The emission control system consisted of a lambda sensor-controlled fuel supply and a three-way metallic catalyst that were applied to a propane-fueled resurfacer. In the laboratory tests, the engine emissions of carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (HC), and nitrogen oxides (NO ) reduced simultaneously by 91, 90, and 96{\%}, respectively. During the air quality follow-up the median 1-hour average nitrogen dioxide (N02) concentration inside the ice arena decreased from 430 ug/m3 (230ppb) to 58 ug/m3 (31 ppb), and that of CO decreased from 4.4 mg/m3 (3.8 ppm) to 1.5 mg/m3 (1.3 ppm). The new emission control system proved to be a feasible, reliable, and effective means to improve the indoor air quality in the ice arena. However, continuous mechanical ventilation was necessary during all business hours in order to achieve and maintain a fully acceptable air quality with this technology.",
    author = "Arto Pennanen and Raimo Salonen and Tom Eklund and Nils-Olof Nylund and Kiyong Lee and John Spengler",
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    Improvement of air quality in a small indoor ice arena by effective emission control in ice resurfacers. / Pennanen, Arto; Salonen, Raimo; Eklund, Tom; Nylund, Nils-Olof; Lee, Kiyong; Spengler, John.

    In: Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association, Vol. 47, No. 10, 1997, p. 1087 - 1094.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Improvement of air quality in a small indoor ice arena by effective emission control in ice resurfacers

    AU - Pennanen, Arto

    AU - Salonen, Raimo

    AU - Eklund, Tom

    AU - Nylund, Nils-Olof

    AU - Lee, Kiyong

    AU - Spengler, John

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    AB - The effectiveness of a new emission control system in the ice resurfacer was tested in an exhaust gas emission laboratory, and the improvement of the air quality in a small, enclosed ice arena was demonstrated in a 4.5-month follow-up study. The emission control system consisted of a lambda sensor-controlled fuel supply and a three-way metallic catalyst that were applied to a propane-fueled resurfacer. In the laboratory tests, the engine emissions of carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (HC), and nitrogen oxides (NO ) reduced simultaneously by 91, 90, and 96%, respectively. During the air quality follow-up the median 1-hour average nitrogen dioxide (N02) concentration inside the ice arena decreased from 430 ug/m3 (230ppb) to 58 ug/m3 (31 ppb), and that of CO decreased from 4.4 mg/m3 (3.8 ppm) to 1.5 mg/m3 (1.3 ppm). The new emission control system proved to be a feasible, reliable, and effective means to improve the indoor air quality in the ice arena. However, continuous mechanical ventilation was necessary during all business hours in order to achieve and maintain a fully acceptable air quality with this technology.

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